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  The Holocene humid period in the Nefud Desert: hunters and herders in the Jebel Oraf palaeolake basin, Saudi Arabia

Guagnin, M., Breeze, P., Shipton, C., Ott, F., Steward, M., Bateman, M., et al. (2020). The Holocene humid period in the Nefud Desert: hunters and herders in the Jebel Oraf palaeolake basin, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Arid Environments, 178: 104146. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2020.104146.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-10B5-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-10B6-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Guagnin, Maria1, Author              
Breeze, Paul, Author
Shipton, Ceri, Author
Ott, Florian1, Author              
Steward, Mathew, Author
Bateman, Mark, Author
Martin, Louise, Author
Graham, Lisa, Author
el-Dossary, Sarah, Author
Kingwell-Banham, Eleanor, Author
Zahrani, Badr, Author
al-Omari, Abdulaziz, Author
Alsharekh, Abdullah M., Author
Petraglia, Michael1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Neolithic, Pastoralism, Palaeolake, Rock art, Landscape, Saudi Arabia
 Abstract: Archaeological surveys and excavations in the Jebel Oraf palaeolake basin, north-western Saudi Arabia, have identified a well-preserved early- to mid-Holocene landscape. Two types of occupation site can be distinguished: nine small and ephemeral scatters from single occupation phases on the slopes of sand dunes and three hearth sites indicative of repeated occupation on palaeolake shorelines. In addition, 245 rock art panels, 81 cairns, and 15 stone structures were recorded. This diverse dataset provides an opportunity to reconstruct occupation patterns and changes in landscape use. A particularly important site, Jebel Oraf 2, documents two episodes of lake high stands at ca. 6500 BC and 5300 BC, flooding parts of the locality. Neolithic pastoralists likely occupied the site after the end of the wet season, when the terrain was dry. Earlier sites are located in dune embayments some 7–14 m above the shore of the palaeolake. These locations are consistent with hunting strategies identifiable in the rock art that suggest wildlife was ambushed at watering places. Later rock art at Jebel Oraf also documents the hunting of wild camel in the Iron Age. The lithic industries documented in the Jebel Oraf basin support arguments of repeated contact with Levantine populations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-03-292020-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 17
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2020.104146
Other: shh2565
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Title: Journal of Arid Environments
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 178 Sequence Number: 104146 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0140-1963
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922647083