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  Nanostructured alkali-metal vapor cells

Cutler, T. F., Hamlyn, W. J., Renger, J., Whittaker, K. A., Pizzey, D., Hughes, I. G., et al. (2020). Nanostructured alkali-metal vapor cells. Physical Review Applied, Editors' Suggestion, 14: 034054. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.14.034054.

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 Creators:
Cutler, Tom F. 1, Author
Hamlyn, William J. 1, Author
Renger, Jan2, Author
Whittaker, Kate A. 1, Author
Pizzey, Danielle1, Author
Hughes, Ifan G.1, Author
Sandoghdar, Vahid2, 3, 4, Author              
Adams , Charles S.1, Author
Affiliations:
1Joint Quantum Centre (JQC) Durham-Newcastle, Department of Physics, ou_persistent22              
2Sandoghdar Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society, ou_2364722              
3Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Max-Planck-Zentrum für Physik und Medizin, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society, ou_3164414              

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 Abstract: Atom-light interactions in nano-scale systems hold great promise for novel technologies based on integrated emitters and optical modes. We present the design architecture, construction method, and characterization of an all-glass alkali-metal vapor cell with nanometer-scale internal structure. Our cell has a glue-free design which allows versatile optical access, in particular with high numerical aperture optics. By performing spectroscopy in different illumination and detection schemes, we investigate atomic densities and velocity distributions in various nanoscopic landscapes. We apply a two-photon excitation scheme to atoms confined in one dimension within our cells, achieving a resonance line-width of 32 MHz in a counter-propagating geometry, and 57.5 MHz in a co-propagating geometry. Both of these are considerably narrower than the Doppler width (GHz), and are limited by transit time broadening and velocity selection. We also demonstrate sub-Doppler line-widths for atoms confined in two dimensions to micron-sized channels. Furthermore, we illustrate control over vapor density within our cells through nano-scale confinement alone, which could offer a scalable route towards room-temperature devices with single atoms within an interaction volume. Our design offers a robust platform for miniaturized devices that could easily be combined with integrated photonic circuits.

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 Dates: 2020-09-21
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.14.034054
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Title: Physical Review Applied, Editors' Suggestion
  Abbreviation : Phys. Rev. Appl.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: College Park, Md. [u.a.] : American Physical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 Sequence Number: 034054 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2331-7019
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2331-7019