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  Automatic and controlled processing: Implications for eating behavior

Fürtjes, S., King, J. A., Goeke, C., Seidel, M., Goschke, T., Horstmann, A., et al. (2020). Automatic and controlled processing: Implications for eating behavior. Nutrients, 12(4): 1097. doi:10.3390/nu12041097.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-4F1D-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-4F1E-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fürtjes, Sophia1, Author
King, Joseph A.1, Author
Goeke, Caspar2, Author
Seidel, Maria1, Author
Goschke, Thomas3, Author
Horstmann, Annette4, 5, Author              
Ehrlich, Stefan1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychosocial Medicine and Developmental Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Osnabrück, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Faculty of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland, ou_persistent22              
5University Hospital Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Eating behavior; Automaticity; Habit; Self-control; Cognitive control; Context-specific proportion congruent
 Abstract: It is a widely held view that humans have control over their food choices and consumption. However, research also suggests that eating behavior is often triggered by contextual cues and guided by automaticities and habits. Interestingly, the dichotomy between automatic and controlled processing has recently been challenged, suggesting that they may be intertwined. In a large female sample (n = 567), we investigated the hypothesis that task-based and self-reported measures of automatic and controlled processing would interact and impact self-reported eating behavior. Results analyzed via structural equation modeling suggest that automatic, but not controlled processing, during a modified flanker task, including a context-specific proportion congruent (CSPC) manipulation, was inversely associated with self-reported self-control. The influence of self-control on unhealthy eating behavior (i.e., uncontrolled and emotional eating, heightened consumption of fat and sugar) was only indirect via habitual behavior, which itself had a strong direct impact. Unhealthy eating was further associated with real-life outcomes (e.g., body mass index (BMI)). Our findings suggest that eating behavior may indeed be guided primarily by automaticities and habits, whereas self-control might facilitate this association. Having self-control over eating might therefore be most effective by avoiding contextual cues eliciting undesired automatic behavior and establishing habits that serve long-term goals.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-04-052020-03-102020-04-122020-04-15
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3390/nu12041097
PMID: 32326623
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Title: Nutrients
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel : MDPI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 (4) Sequence Number: 1097 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2072-6643
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2072-6643