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  Origin and health status of first-generation Africans from early colonial Mexico

Barquera, R., Lamnidis, T. C., Lankapalli, A. K., Kocher, A., Hernández-Zaragoza, D. I., Nelson, E. A., et al. (2020). Origin and health status of first-generation Africans from early colonial Mexico. Current Biology, 30(11): 2020.04.002, pp. 2078-2091.e11. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.04.002.

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 Creators:
Barquera, Rodrigo1, Author           
Lamnidis, Thiseas Christos1, Author           
Lankapalli, Aditya Kumar1, Author           
Kocher, Arthur2, Author           
Hernández-Zaragoza, Diana I, Author
Nelson, Elizabeth A.1, Author           
Zamora-Herrera, Adriana C., Author
Perez Ramallo, Patxi3, Author           
Bernal-Felipe, Natalia, Author
Immel, Alexander1, 4, Author           
Bos, Kirsten1, Author           
Acuña-Alonzo, Víctor, Author
Barbieri, Chiara4, Author           
Roberts, Patrick3, Author           
Herbig, Alexander1, Author           
Kühnert, Denise2, Author           
Márquez-Morfín, Lourdes, Author
Krause, Johannes1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2tide, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2591691              
3Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
4Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: transatlantic slave trade, New Spain, African ancestry, ancient DNA, Treponema pallidum, hepatitis B virus
 Abstract: The forced relocation of several thousand Africans during Mexico?s historic period has so far been documented mostly through archival sources, which provide only sparse detail on their origins and lived experience. Here, we employ a bioarchaeological approach to explore the life history of three 16th century Africans from a mass burial at the San José de los Naturales Royal Hospital in Mexico City. Our approach draws together ancient genomic data, osteological analysis, strontium isotope data from tooth enamel, δ13C and δ15N isotope data from dentine, and ethnohistorical information to reveal unprecedented detail on their origins and health. Analyses of skeletal features, radiogenic isotopes, and genetic data from uniparental, genome-wide, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) markers are consistent with a Sub-Saharan African origin for all three individuals. Complete genomes of Treponema pallidum sub. pertenue (causative agent of yaws) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) recovered from these individuals provide insight into their health as related to infectious disease. Phylogenetic analysis of both pathogens reveals their close relationship to strains circulating in current West African populations, lending support to their origins in this region. The further relationship between the treponemal genome retrieved and a treponemal genome previously typed in an individual from Colonial Mexico highlights the role of the transatlantic slave trade in the introduction and dissemination of pathogens into the New World. Putting together all lines of evidence, we were able to create a biological portrait of three individuals whose life stories have long been silenced by disreputable historical events.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-04-302020-06-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 26
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.04.002
Other: shh2581
 Degree: -

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Title: Current Biology
  Other : Curr. Biol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Cell Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 30 (11) Sequence Number: 2020.04.002 Start / End Page: 2078 - 2091.e11 Identifier: ISSN: 0960-9822
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925579107