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  Impact of magneto-rotational instability on grain growth in protoplanetary disks: I. Relevant turbulence properties

Gong, M., Ivlev, A. V., Zhao, B., & Caselli, P. (2020). Impact of magneto-rotational instability on grain growth in protoplanetary disks: I. Relevant turbulence properties. The Astrophysical Journal, 891(2): 172. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab744d.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-550F-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-5510-8
Genre: Journal Article

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Impact of magneto-rotational instability on grain growth in protoplanetary disks I. Relevant turbulence properties.pdf (Any fulltext), 983KB
 
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 Creators:
Gong, Munan1, Author              
Ivlev, Alexei V.1, Author              
Zhao, Bo1, Author              
Caselli, Paola1, Author              
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1Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1950287              

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 Abstract: Turbulence in protoplanetary disks induces collisions between dust grains, and thus facilitates grain growth. We investigate the two fundamental assumptions about the turbulence in obtaining grain collisional velocities—the kinetic energy spectrum and the turbulence autocorrelation time—in the context of the turbulence generated by the magnetorotational instability (MRI). We carry out numerical simulations of the MRI, as well as driven turbulence, for a range of physical and numerical parameters. We find that the convergence of the turbulence α-parameter does not necessarily imply the convergence of the energy spectrum. The MRI turbulence is largely solenoidal, for which we observe a persistent kinetic energy spectrum of k −4/3. The same is obtained for solenoidal driven turbulence with and without a magnetic field, over more than 1 dex near the dissipation scale. This power-law slope appears to be converged in terms of numerical resolution, and to be due to the bottleneck effect. The kinetic energy in the MRI turbulence peaks at the fastest growing mode of the MRI. In contrast, the magnetic energy peaks at the dissipation scale. The magnetic energy spectrum in the MRI turbulence does not show a clear power-law range, and is almost constant over approximately 1 dex near the dissipation scale. The turbulence autocorrelation time is nearly constant at large scales, limited by the shearing timescale, and shows a power-law drop close to k −1 at small scales, with a slope steeper than that of the eddy crossing time. The deviation from the standard picture of the Kolmogorov turbulence with the injection scale at the disk scale height can potentially have a significant impact on grain collisional velocities.

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 Dates: 2020-03-17
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab744d
Other: LOCALID: 3223869
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Title: The Astrophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Bristol; Vienna : IOP Publishing; IAEA
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 891 (2) Sequence Number: 172 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215_3