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  A¹⁴C chronology for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria

Fewlass, H., Talamo, S., Wacker, L., Kromer, B., Tuna, T., Fagault, Y., et al. (2020). A¹⁴C chronology for the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 4, 794-801. doi:10.1038/s41559-020-1136-3.

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 Creators:
Fewlass, Helen1, 2, Author              
Talamo, Sahra1, Author              
Wacker, Lukas, Author
Kromer, Bernd1, Author              
Tuna, Thibaut, Author
Fagault, Yoann, Author
Bard, Edouard, Author
McPherron, Shannon P.1, Author              
Aldeias, Vera1, Author              
Maria, Raquel1, Author              
Martisius, Naomi L., Author
Paskulin, Lindsay, Author
Rezek, Zeljko1, Author              
Sinet-Mathiot, Virginie1, 2, Author              
Sirakova, Svoboda, Author
Smith, Geoffrey M.1, Author              
Spasov, Rosen, Author
Welker, Frido1, Author              
Sirakov, Nikolay, Author
Tsanova, Tsenka1, Author              
Hublin, Jean-Jacques1, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497673              
2The Leipzig School of Human Origins (IMPRS), Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497688              

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 Abstract: The stratigraphy at Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria, spans the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition, including an Initial Upper Palaeolithic (IUP) assemblage argued to represent the earliest arrival of Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens in Europe. We applied the latest techniques in 14C dating to an extensive dataset of newly excavated animal and human bones to produce a robust, high-precision radiocarbon chronology for the site. At the base of the stratigraphy, the Middle Palaeolithic (MP) occupation dates to >51,000 yr bp. A chronological gap of over 3,000 years separates the MP occupation from the occupation of the cave by H. sapiens, which extends to 34,000 cal bp. The extensive IUP assemblage, now associated with directly dated H. sapiens fossils at this site, securely dates to 45,820–43,650 cal bp (95.4% probability), probably beginning from 46,940 cal bp (95.4% probability). The results provide chronological context for the early occupation of Europe by Upper Palaeolithic H. sapiens.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05-112020-05-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 15
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41559-020-1136-3
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  Abbreviation : Nat. Ecol. Evol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 794 - 801 Identifier: ISSN: 2397-334X