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  Multidimensional evaluation of virtual reality paradigms in clinical neuropsychology: Application of the VR-check framework

Krohn, S., Tromp, J., Quinque, E. M., Belger, J., Klotzsche, F., Rekers, S., et al. (2020). Multidimensional evaluation of virtual reality paradigms in clinical neuropsychology: Application of the VR-check framework. Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR), 22(4): e16724. doi:10.2196/16724.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-72BC-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-72BD-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Krohn, Stephan1, 2, Author
Tromp, Johanne2, 3, Author              
Quinque, Eva Maria3, 4, Author              
Belger, Julia3, 4, Author
Klotzsche, Felix2, 3, Author
Rekers, Sophia1, 2, Author
Chojecki, Paul5, Author
de Mooij, Jeroen3, 4, Author
Akbal, Mert2, 3, 6, Author              
McCall, Cade7, Author              
Villringer, Arno2, 3, 4, Author              
Gaebler, Michael2, 3, Author              
Finke, Carsten1, 2, Author
Thöne-Otto, Angelika3, 4, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Neurology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
4Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik, Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, HHI, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Hochschule der Bildenden Künste Saar, Saarbrücken, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Cognition; Neuropsychology; Research design; Virtual reality
 Abstract: Virtual reality (VR) represents a key technology of the 21st century, attracting substantial interest from a wide range of scientific disciplines. With regard to clinical neuropsychology, a multitude of new VR applications are being developed to overcome the limitations of classical paradigms. Consequently, researchers increasingly face the challenge of systematically evaluating the characteristics and quality of VR applications to design the optimal paradigm for their specific research question and study population. However, the multifaceted character of contemporary VR is not adequately captured by the traditional quality criteria (ie, objectivity, reliability, validity), highlighting the need for an extended paradigm evaluation framework. To address this gap, we propose a multidimensional evaluation framework for VR applications in clinical neuropsychology, summarized as an easy-to-use checklist (VR-Check). This framework rests on 10 main evaluation dimensions encompassing cognitive domain specificity, ecological relevance, technical feasibility, user feasibility, user motivation, task adaptability, performance quantification, immersive capacities, training feasibility, and predictable pitfalls. We show how VR-Check enables systematic and comparative paradigm optimization by illustrating its application in an exemplary research project on the assessment of spatial cognition and executive functions with immersive VR. This application furthermore demonstrates how the framework allows researchers to identify across-domain trade-offs, makes deliberate design decisions explicit, and optimizes the allocation of study resources. Complementing recent approaches to standardize clinical VR studies, the VR-Check framework enables systematic and project-specific paradigm optimization for behavioral and cognitive research in neuropsychology.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-02-072019-10-182020-02-072020-04-27
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.2196/16724
PMID: 32338614
PMC: PMC7215516
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR)
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: PubMed Central
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 22 (4) Sequence Number: e16724 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1438-8871
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1438-8871