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  The perception of caricatured emotion in voice

Whiting, C. M., Kotz, S. A., Gross, J., Giordano, B. L., & Belin, P. (2020). The perception of caricatured emotion in voice. Cognition, 200: 104249. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104249.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-717A-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-717B-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Whiting, Caroline M.1, Author
Kotz, Sonja A.2, 3, Author              
Gross, Joachim1, 4, Author
Giordano, Bruno L.1, 5, Author
Belin, Pascal1, 5, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Maastricht University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
4Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignal Analysis, Münster University, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Institut des Neurosciences de la Timone, Aix-Marseille Université, France, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Nonverbal vocalisations; Vocal affect; Caricatured emotions; Emotion perception
 Abstract: Affective vocalisations such as screams and laughs can convey strong emotional content without verbal information. Previous research using morphed vocalisations (e.g. 25% fear/75% anger) has revealed categorical perception of emotion in voices, showing sudden shifts at emotion category boundaries. However, it is currently unknown how further modulation of vocalisations beyond the veridical emotion (e.g. 125% fear) affects perception. Caricatured facial expressions produce emotions that are perceived as more intense and distinctive, with faster recognition relative to the original and anti-caricatured (e.g. 75% fear) emotions, but a similar effect using vocal caricatures has not been previously examined. Furthermore, caricatures can play a key role in assessing how distinctiveness is identified, in particular by evaluating accounts of emotion perception with reference to prototypes (distance from the central stimulus) and exemplars (density of the stimulus space). Stimuli consisted of four emotions (anger, disgust, fear, and pleasure) morphed at 25% intervals between a neutral expression and each emotion from 25% to 125%, and between each pair of emotions. Emotion perception was assessed using emotion intensity ratings, valence and arousal ratings, speeded categorisation and paired similarity ratings. We report two key findings: 1) across tasks, there was a strongly linear effect of caricaturing, with caricatured emotions (125%) perceived as higher in emotion intensity and arousal, and recognised faster compared to the original emotion (100%) and anti-caricatures (25%–75%); 2) our results reveal evidence for a unique contribution of a prototype-based account in emotion recognition. We show for the first time that vocal caricature effects are comparable to those found previously with facial caricatures. The set of caricatured vocalisations provided open a promising line of research for investigating vocal affect perception and emotion processing deficits in clinical populations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-02-102017-05-092020-02-272020-05-122020-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104249
Other: online ahead of print
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Title: Cognition
  Other : Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 200 Sequence Number: 104249 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0010-0277
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925391298