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  Genomic history of Neolithic to Bronze Age Anatolia, Northern Levant, and Southern Caucasus

Skourtanioti, E., Erdal, Y. S., Frangipane, M., Balossi Restelli, F., Yener, K. A., Pinnock, F., et al. (2020). Genomic history of Neolithic to Bronze Age Anatolia, Northern Levant, and Southern Caucasus. Cell, 181(5): 2020.04.044, pp. 1158-1175.e28. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.044.

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available online (open archive) (Publisher version)
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(last seen: May 2022)
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 Creators:
Skourtanioti, Eirini1, Author              
Erdal, Yilmaz S., Author
Frangipane, Marcella, Author
Balossi Restelli, Francesca, Author
Yener, K. Aslıhan, Author
Pinnock, Frances, Author
Matthiae, Paolo, Author
Özbal, Rana, Author
Schoop, Ulf-Dietrich, Author
Guliyev, Farhad, Author
Akhundov, Tufan, Author
Lyonnet, Bertille, Author
Hammer, Emily L., Author
Nugent, Selin E., Author
Burri, Marta, Author
Neumann, Gunnar U.1, Author              
Penske, Sandra E.1, Author              
Ingman, Tara, Author
Akar, Murat, Author
Shafiq, Rula, Author
Palumbi, Giulio, AuthorEisenmann, Stefanie2, Author              D’Andrea, Marta, AuthorRohrlach, Adam Ben3, Author              Warinner, Christina4, Author              Jeong, Choongwon5, Author              Stockhammer, Philipp W.1, Author              Haak, Wolfgang1, Author              Krause, Johannes2, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2MHAAM, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541699              
3PALEoRIDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541702              
4Kostbare Kulturen, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2591692              
5Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301699              

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Free keywords: human population history, ancient DNA, Near East, Eastern Mediterranean, genome-wide data, admixture, genetic continuity, archaeogenetics, Ubaid, Uruk, Kura-Araxes
 Abstract: Here, we report genome-wide data analyses from 110 ancient Near Eastern individuals spanning the Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age, a period characterized by intense interregional interactions for the Near East. We find that 6th millennium BCE populations of North/Central Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus shared mixed ancestry on a genetic cline that formed during the Neolithic between Western Anatolia and regions in today’s Southern Caucasus/Zagros. During the Late Chalcolithic and/or the Early Bronze Age, more than half of the Northern Levantine gene pool was replaced, while in the rest of Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus, we document genetic continuity with only transient gene flow. Additionally, we reveal a genetically distinct individual within the Late Bronze Age Northern Levant. Overall, our study uncovers multiple scales of population dynamics through time, from extensive admixture during the Neolithic period to long-distance mobility within the globalized societies of the Late Bronze Age. Video Abstract

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05-282020-05-28
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 47
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: - Introduction
- Results
-- Sample Corpus and Data Compilation
-- The Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic Genetic Structure in Anatolia, Northern Levant, and Caucasian Lowlands
-- Neolithic Admixture and a Common Genetic Profile of Chalcolithic and Bronze Age Groups
-- Admixture Modeling of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age Groups
-- Genetic Turnover in the Bronze Age Northern Levant
-- Evidence for Individual Mobility in Alalakh
- Discussion
-- Genetic Homogenization across Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus prior to the Bronze Age
-- Population and Territorial State Dynamics in the Northern Levant
-- Conclusions
STAR★Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.044
Other: shh2615
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Title: Cell
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, Mass. : Cell Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 181 (5) Sequence Number: 2020.04.044 Start / End Page: 1158 - 1175.e28 Identifier: ISSN: 0092-8674
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925463183