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  A first Holocene leaf wax isotope-based paleoclimate record from the semi-humid to semi-arid south-eastern Caucasian lowlands

Bliedtner, M., Zech, R., Zech, J., Schäfer, I., & von Suchodoletz, H. (2020). A first Holocene leaf wax isotope-based paleoclimate record from the semi-humid to semi-arid south-eastern Caucasian lowlands. Journal of Quaternary Science, 35(5): 3210, pp. 625-633. doi:10.1002/jqs.3210.

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 Creators:
Bliedtner, Marcel, Author
Zech, Roland, Author
Zech, Jana1, Author              
Schäfer, Imke, Author
von Suchodoletz, Hans, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Caucasus region, compound-specific isotopes, floodplain soils, Holocene paleoclimate, leaf wax biomarkers
 Abstract: The Holocene paleoclimate of the Caucasus region is rather complex and not yet well understood: while existing studies are mainly based on pollen records from high-altitude and humid lowland regions, no records are available from the semi-humid to semi-arid south-eastern Caucasian lowlands. Therefore, this study investigated compound-specific δ2H and δ13C isotopes of leaf wax biomarkers from Holocene floodplain soils in eastern Georgia. Our results show that the leaf wax δ2H signal from the paleosols mostly reflects changes in the moisture source and its isotopic composition. Depleted δ2H values before ~8?cal ka bp change towards enriched values after ~5?cal ka bp and become again depleted after ~1.6?cal ka bp. This trend could be caused by Holocene changes of the isotopic compositions of the Black and eastern Mediterranean Sea, and/or by varying contribution of both moisture sources linked with the North Atlantic Oscillation. The leaf wax δ13C signal from the paleosols directly indicates varying local water availability and drought stress. Depleted δ13C values before ~8 and after ~5?cal ka bp indicate wetter local conditions with higher water availability, whereas more enriched values during the middle Holocene (~8 until at least 5?cal ka bp) indicate drier conditions with increased drought stress.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05-222020-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 22
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Materials and methods
- Study area and climate setting
- Studied section
- Analytical procedure
Results
Discussion
- The δ2H signal
- The δ13C signal
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/jqs.3210
Other: shh2617
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Quaternary Science
  Abbreviation : J. Quaternary Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Chichester : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 35 (5) Sequence Number: 3210 Start / End Page: 625 - 633 Identifier: ISSN: 0267-8179
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925500137