English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Decrease in the brightness of the cosmic X-ray and soft gamma-ray background toward clusters of galaxies

Grebenev, S. A., & Sunyaev, R. A. (2020). Decrease in the brightness of the cosmic X-ray and soft gamma-ray background toward clusters of galaxies. Astronomy Letters - a Journal of Astronomy and Space Astrophysics, 45(12), 791-820. doi:10.1134/S1063773719120016.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-A0A1-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-A0A2-D
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
Decrease in the Brightness of the Cosmic X-ray and Soft Gamma-ray.pdf (Any fulltext), 3MB
 
File Permalink:
-
Name:
Decrease in the Brightness of the Cosmic X-ray and Soft Gamma-ray.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Private
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Grebenev, S. A., Author
Sunyaev, Rashid A.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1High Energy Astrophysics, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society, ou_159881              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: We show that Compton scattering by electrons of the hot intergalactic gas in galaxy clusters should lead to peculiar distortions of the cosmic background X-ray and soft gamma-ray radiation—an increase in its brightness at hv ≲ 60−100 keV and a drop at higher energies. The background distortions are proportional to the cluster gas surface density, in contrast to the intensity of the thermal gas radiation proportional to the density squared, which allows the most important cluster parameters to be measured. The spectral shape of the background distortions and its dependence on the gas temperature, optical depth, and surface density distribution law have been studied using detailed Monte Carlo calculations and conformed by analytical estimations. In the cluster frame the maximum of the background decrease due to the recoil effect occurs at hv ∼ 500−600 keV. The photoionization of hydrogen- and helium-like iron and nickel ions leads to additional distortions in the background spectrum—a strong absorption line with the threshold at hv ∼ 9 keV (and also to an absorption jump at hv ≳ 2 keV for cold clusters). The absorption of intrinsic thermal radiation from the cluster gas by these ions also leads to such lines. In nearby (z ≲ 1) clusters the line at hv ∼ 2 keV is noticeably enhanced by absorption in the colder (∼106 K) plasma of their peripheral (≲3 Mpc) regions; moreover, the absorption line at hv ∼ 1.3 keV, which does not depend on the properties of the hot cluster gas, splits off from it. The redshift of distant clusters shifts the absorption lines in the background spectrum (at ∼2, ∼9, and ∼500 keV) to lower energies. Thus, in contrast to the microwave background radiation scattering effect, this effect depends on the cluster redshift z, but in a very peculiar way. When observing clusters at z ≳ 1, the effect allows one to determine how the X-ray background evolved and how it was “gathered” with z. To detect the effect, the accuracy of measurements should reach ∼0.1%. We consider the most promising clusters for observing the effect and discuss the techniques whereby the influence of the thermal gas radiation hindering the detection of background distortions should be minimal.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-04-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1134/S1063773719120016
Other: LOCALID: 3240450
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Astronomy Letters - a Journal of Astronomy and Space Astrophysics
  Alternative Title : Astron. Lett.-J. Astron. Space Astrophys.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 45 (12) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 791 - 820 Identifier: ISSN: 1063-7737
ISSN: 1562-6873