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  The Position-Reputation-Information (PRI) scale of individual prestige

Berl, R. E. W., Samarasinghe, A. N., Jordan, F. M., & Gavin, M. C. (2020). The Position-Reputation-Information (PRI) scale of individual prestige. PLoS One, 15(6): e0234428. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0234428.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-AA5B-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-ACE5-6
Genre: Journal Article

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shh2654.pdf (Publisher version), 705KB
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 Creators:
Berl, Richard E. W., Author
Samarasinghe, Alarna N., Author
Jordan, Fiona M.1, Author              
Gavin, Michael C.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Culture, Factor analysis, Built structures, Social status, Cultural evolution, Social sciences, Sociolinguistics, Surveys
 Abstract: Prestige is a key concept across the social and behavioral sciences and has been implicated as an important driver in the processes governing human learning and behavior and the evolution of culture. However, existing scales of prestige fail to account for the full breadth of its potential determinants or focus only on collective social institutions rather than the individual-level perceptions that underpin everyday social interactions. Here, we use open, extensible methods to unite diverse theoretical ideas into a common measurement tool for individual prestige. Participants evaluated the perceived prestige of regional variations in accented speech using a pool of candidate scale items generated from free-listing tasks and a review of published scales. Through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, we find that our resulting 7-item scale, composed of dimensions we term position, reputation, and information (“PRI”), exhibits good model fit, scale validity, and scale reliability. The PRI scale of individual prestige contributes to the integration of existing lines of theory on the concept of prestige, and the scale’s application in Western samples and its extensibility to other cultural contexts serves as a foundation for new theoretical and experimental trajectories across the social and behavioral sciences.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-06-25
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 14
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Methods and results: Ethics statement ; Scale construction (study 1) ; Scale evaluation (study 2) ; Scale validity and reliability
Discussion
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234428
Other: shh2654
 Degree: -

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Title: PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 (6) Sequence Number: e0234428 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000277850