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  From text to thought: how analyzing language can advance Psychological Science [Preprint]

Jackson, J. C., Watts, J., List, J.-M., Puryear, C., Drabble, R., & Lindquist, K. (2020). From text to thought: how analyzing language can advance Psychological Science [Preprint]. PsyArXiv Preprints, qat4r. doi:10.31234/osf.io/qat4r.

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shh2661pre.pdf (Preprint), 953KB
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 Creators:
Jackson, Joshua Conrad, Author
Watts, Joseph1, Author              
List, Johann-Mattis2, Author              
Puryear, Curtis, Author
Drabble, Ryan, Author
Lindquist, Kristen, Author
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              
2CALC, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2385703              

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Free keywords: Natural Language Processing, Comparative Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics, Cultural Evolution, Emotion, Religion, Creativity
 Abstract: Humans have been using language for thousands of years, but psychologists seldom consider what natural language can tell us about the mind. Here we propose that language offers a unique window into human cognition. After briefly summarizing the legacy of language analyses in psychological science, we show how methodological advances have made these analyses more feasible and insightful than ever before. In particular, we describe how two forms of language analysis—comparative linguistics and natural language processing—are already contributing to how we understand emotion, creativity, and religion, and overcoming methodological obstacles related to statistical power and culturally diverse samples. We summarize resources for learning both of these methods, and highlight the best way to combine language analysis techniques with behavioral paradigms. Applying language analysis to large-scale and cross-cultural datasets promises to provide major breakthroughs in psychological science.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-07-09
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 58
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: - What Does It Mean to Analyze Language?
- The Roots of Language Analysis in Psychological Science
- Natural Language Processing as a Tool for Studying Large-Scale Patterns of Cognition
-- Background
-- Application 1: Quantifying the Meaning of Constructs
-- Application 2: Tracking Attitudes and Emotions in Unstructured Data
-- Application 3: Distilling Linguistic Information
-- NLP Resources
- Comparative Linguistics as a Way to Understand Cultural Diversity and Universality
-- Background
-- Application 1: Modeling Cultural Interdependence
-- Application 2: Detecting Patterns of Cultural Development
-- Comparative Linguistics Resources
- Limitations and Opportunities for Language Analysis
- Applying Language Analysis in Psychological Science: Three Case Studies
- Emotion
- Religion
- Creativity
- Conclusion
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/qat4r
Other: shh2661
 Degree: -

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Title: PsyArXiv Preprints
  Abbreviation : PsyArXiv
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, Berlin : Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: qat4r Start / End Page: - Identifier: URI: http://psyarxiv.com/

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Title: Perspectives on Psychological Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D. C. : Association for Psychological Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: n/a (n/a) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1745-6916
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1745-6916