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  Neural signatures of prosocial behaviors

Bellucci, G., Camilleri, J., Eickhoff, S., & Krueger, F. (2020). Neural signatures of prosocial behaviors. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 118, 186-195. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.07.006.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-C3F4-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-3468-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Bellucci, G1, 2, Author              
Camilleri, JA, Author
Eickhoff, SB, Author
Krueger, F, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Computational Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_3017468              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Prosocial behaviors are hypothesized to require socio-cognitive and empathic abilities-engaging brain regions attributed to the mentalizing and empathy brain networks. Here, we tested this hypothesis with a coordinate-based meta-analysis of 600 neuroimaging studies on prosociality, mentalizing and empathy (∼12,000 individuals). We showed that brain areas recruited by prosocial behaviors only partially overlap with the mentalizing (dorsal posterior cingulate cortex) and empathy networks (middle cingulate cortex). Additionally, the dorsolateral and ventromedial prefrontal cortices were preferentially activated by prosocial behaviors. Analyses on the functional connectivity profile and functional roles of the neural patterns underlying prosociality revealed that in addition to socio-cognitive and empathic processes, prosocial behaviors further involve evaluation processes and action planning, likely to select the action sequence that best satisfies another person's needs. By characterizing the multidimensional construct of prosociality at the neural level, we provide insights that may support a better understanding of normal and abnormal social cognition (e.g., psychopathy).

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 Dates: 2020-072020-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York [etc.] : Pergamon
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 118 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 186 - 195 Identifier: ISSN: 0149-7634
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954928536106