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  Enzymatic synthesis of artificial polysaccharides

Smith, P. J., Ortiz-Soto, M. E., Roth, C., Barnes, W. J., Seibel, J., Urbanowicz, B. R., et al. (2020). Enzymatic synthesis of artificial polysaccharides. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8(32), 11853-11871. doi:10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c03622.

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 Creators:
Smith, Peter J, Author
Ortiz-Soto, Maria Elena, Author
Roth, Christian1, Author              
Barnes, William J., Author
Seibel, Juergen, Author
Urbanowicz, Breeanna R., Author
Pfrengle, Fabian2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Christian Roth, Biomolekulare Systeme, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_2522691              
2Fabian Pfrengle, Biomolekulare Systeme, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863303              

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Free keywords: Carbohydrate-active enzymes, Bio-inspired materials, Polymerization, Biomass, Polysaccharide, Glycan
 Abstract: Polysaccharides are the most important renewable polymers on Earth and hold an enormous potential for the production of eco-friendly functional materials. In addition to being sustainable, they have superior properties to synthetic polymers, particularly in the biomedical field where biocompatibility and biodegradability are vital. Derivatization of polysaccharides obtained from plant biomass paves the path forward for the design and manufacturing of advanced materials with specific properties adapted to meet definitive needs. However, these advances have been severely limited due to issues with establishing structure-property relationships, which are hampered by the heterogeneity of target polysaccharides and the random distribution of functional groups obtained after their chemical modification. An accurate correlation of structure-property relationships at multiple length scales requires substrates with defined sizes, sequences, and substitution patterns. Such tailor-made polysaccharides may be obtained by implementing a bottom-up approach, starting from mono- or oligosaccharide building blocks followed by their polymerization and substitution through catalysis by different carbohydrate-active enzymes such as glycosynthases, phosphorylases, sucrases, and glycosyltransferases. Recent progress in the enzymatic synthesis of artificial polysaccharides is reviewed, with an emphasis on the potential of the synthesized products, either as new materials or as tools to study structure-property relationships. The obtained information will guide future developments of rationally designed bio-based materials for industrial and biomedical applications.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-07-152020
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c03622
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Title: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 (32) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 11853 - 11871 Identifier: ISSN: 2168-0485