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  Early occupation of high asia: new insights from the ornaments of the Oshhona site in the Pamir mountains

Fedorchenko, A. Y., Taylor, W. T., Sayfulloev, N. N., Brown, S., Rendu, W., Krivoshapkin, A. I., et al. (2020). Early occupation of high asia: new insights from the ornaments of the Oshhona site in the Pamir mountains. Quaternary International, 2020.07.026. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2020.07.026.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-CE6D-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-CE6E-8
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fedorchenko, Alexander Yu, Author
Taylor, William T.T., Author
Sayfulloev, Nuriddin N., Author
Brown, Samantha1, Author              
Rendu, William, Author
Krivoshapkin, Andrei I., Author
Douka, Katerina1, Author              
Shnaider, Svetlana V., Author
Affiliations:
1FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              

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Free keywords: Central asia, Epipalaeolithic, Personal ornaments, ZooMS, AMS dating, Use-wear analysis, Technological analysis
 Abstract: The Pamir plateau is one of the highest mountain systems in the world, presenting a highly challenging environment for human occupation. During the Soviet era, researchers discovered several stratified archaeological sites in the Pamir zone – including the Oshhona site, which yielded a large collection of lithic artefacts and personal ornaments made of bone. Pairing archaeozoological and biomolecular methods (Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry) with use-wear analysis, we investigate the tradition of personal bone ornament production that emerged in the Pamir mountains during the Middle Holocene. Our analyses indicate that inhabitants of Oshhona site used a wide range of faunal remains to manufacture non-utilitarian items – including pendants, elongated beads, and engraved bone. Comparison of raw materials, manufacture technology, and style provide compelling evidence of cultural links between the Pamir and the middle highlands of the Tian Shan. Although available anthropological and genetic evidence is too scattered to assess the possibility of population movements, our results point to a shared techno-cultural tradition or common cultural adaptation in bone ornament production across these two regions, perhaps developing as a response to life at high altitudes in Central Asia during the Middle Holocene.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-07-31
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 57
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction

2. Regional settings

3. Materials and methods
3.1. Zooarchaeological study
3.2. Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS)
3.3. Technological and use-wear analysis
3.4. Experimental data

4. Results
4.1. General characteristic of the faunal assemblage
4.2. Species identification of the blanks for personal ornaments
4.3. Production process
4.4. Age determination

5. Discussion

6. Conclusion
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2020.07.026
Other: shh2673
 Degree: -

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Title: Quaternary International
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Pergamon
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2020.07.026 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1040-6182
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925588348