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  The influence of transcranial magnetic stimulation of the medial prefrontal cortex on emotional memory schemas

Bovy, L., Berkers, R., Pottkämper, J., Varatheesvaran, R., Fernández, G., Tendolkar, I., et al. (2019). The influence of transcranial magnetic stimulation of the medial prefrontal cortex on emotional memory schemas. bioRxiv. doi:10.1101/656348.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-D4DF-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-D4E0-D
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Bovy, Leonore, Author
Berkers, Ruud1, Author              
Pottkämper, Julia, Author
Varatheesvaran, Rathiga, Author
Fernández, Guillén, Author
Tendolkar, Indira, Author
Dresler, Martin, Author
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1Max Planck Research Group Adaptive Memory, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2295691              

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 Abstract: Memory bias for negative information is a critical characteristic of major depression, but the underlying neural mechanisms are largely unknown. The recently revived concept of memory schemas may shed new light on memory bias in depression: negative schemas might enhance the encoding and consolidation of negative experiences, thereby contributing to the genesis and perpetuation of depressive pathology. To investigate this relationship, we aimed to transiently perturb processing in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a core region involved in schema memory, using neuronavigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) targeting the mPFC. Forty healthy volunteers first underwent a negative mood induction to activate negative schema processing after which they received either active inhibitory (N = 20) or control (N = 20) stimulation to the mPFC. Then, all participants performed the encoding of an emotional false memory task. Recall and recognition performance was tested the following morning. Polysomnographic data was recorded continuously during the night before and after encoding. Secondary measures included sleep and mood questionnaires. We observed a significantly lower number of false recognition of negative critical lures following mPFC perturbation compared to the control group, whereas no differences in veridical memory performance were observed. These findings were supported by reaction time data. No relation between REM sleep and (false) emotional memory performance was observed. These findings support previous causal evidence for a role of the mPFC in schema memory processing and further suggest a role of the mPFC in memory bias.

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 Dates: 2019-01
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1101/656348
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Title: bioRxiv
Source Genre: Journal
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