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  Fluted-point technology in Neolithic Arabia: an independent invention far from the Americas

Crassard, R., Charpentier, V., McCorriston, J., Vosges, J., Bouzid, S., & Petraglia, M. D. (2020). Fluted-point technology in Neolithic Arabia: an independent invention far from the Americas. PLoS One, 15(8): e0236314. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0236314.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-D45E-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-D45F-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Crassard, Rémy, Author
Charpentier, Vincent, Author
McCorriston, Joy, Author
Vosges, Jérémie, Author
Bouzid, Sofiane, Author
Petraglia, Michael D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Paleoanthropology, Neolithic period, Culture, Antlers, Experimental archaeology, Lithic technology, Yemen
 Abstract: New World archaeologists have amply demonstrated that fluted point technology is specific to Terminal Pleistocene American cultures. Base-fluted, and rarer tip-fluted, projectile points from the Americas have been well-documented by archaeologists for nearly a century. Fluting is an iconic stone tool manufacturing method and a specific action that involves the extraction of a channel flake along the longitudinal axis of a bifacial piece. Here we report and synthesize information from Neolithic sites in southern Arabia, demonstrating the presence of fluting on a variety of stone tool types including projectile points. Fluted projectile points are known from both surface sites and stratified contexts in southern Arabia. Fluting technology has been clearly identified at the Manayzah site (Yemen) dating to 8000–7700 cal. BP. Examination of fluted points and channel flakes from southern Arabia enable a reconstruction of stone tool manufacturing techniques and reduction sequences (chaines opératoires). To illustrate the technological similarities and contrasts of fluting methods in Arabia and the Americas, comparative studies and experiments were conducted. Similarities in manufacturing approaches were observed on the fluting scars of bifacial pieces, whereas technological differences are apparent in the nature and localization of the flute and, most probably, the functional objective of fluting in economic, social and cultural contexts. Arabian and American fluted point technologies provide an excellent example of convergence of highly specialized stone tool production methods. Our description of Arabian and American fluting technology demonstrates that similar innovations and inventions were developed under different circumstances, and that highly-skilled and convergent production methods can have different anthropological implications.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-08-05
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 42
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction: The fluting method and its aims
- Fluting as a flintknapping method
- Why flute?
Geographic distribution of the fluting method across the world
- Fluting in the New World
- Fluting in the Old World?
The fluting method in South Arabia: From isolated discoveries to a new tradition in tool-making
- First discoveries in Arabia
Fluted points from Manayzah (Yemen)
- Dating fluted points at Manayzah
- Chaine opératoire of fluting from Manayzah
Fluted points from Ad-Dahariz 2, Oman
- The Ad-Dahariz 2 site and its lithic assemblage
- Fluted and unfluted trihedral points: Morphology and metrics
Lithic experiments on Arabian fluting technology
- Experimental aims
- Main morpho-technical characteristics of archaeological points from Manayzah and Ad-Dahariz
- Experimental procedures
- Experimental results
- Determining detachment techniques for channel flakes: Comparison between archaeological and experimental data
Discussion
- Function, level of expertise and cultural transmission
- Convergent evolution of the fluting method in the Americas and Arabia
- Interpretation of fluting in South Arabia
Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0236314
Other: shh2678
 Degree: -

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Title: PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 (8) Sequence Number: e0236314 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000277850