English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Prestige and content biases together shape the cultural transmission of narratives

Berl, R., Samarasinghe, A., Roberts, S., Jordan, F. M., & Gavin, M. C. (2021). Prestige and content biases together shape the cultural transmission of narratives. Evolutionary Human Sciences, 3: e42. doi:10.31235/osf.io/9jk6g.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
shh2686.pdf (Publisher version), 669KB
Name:
shh2686.pdf
Description:
OA
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
:
shh2686pre.pdf (Preprint), 685KB
Name:
shh2686pre.pdf
Description:
OA
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-

Locators

show
hide
Locator:
https://osf.io/72v3f/ (Supplementary material)
Description:
Project "Cultural Transmission"
Locator:
Supplementary Tables, Supplementary Figures (Supplementary material)
Description:
docx. - (last seen: May 2022)

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Berl, Richard, Author
Samarasinghe, Alarna, Author
Roberts, Sean, Author
Jordan, Fiona M.1, Author              
Gavin, Michael C.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: accent, biased transmission, cognitive bias, content bias, context bias, counterintuitive, creation story, cultural evolution, cultural transmission, direct bias, emotional, experiment, indirect bias, information, model bias, moral, narrative, prestige, rational, social, social learning, storytelling, survival
 Abstract: Context-based cultural transmission biases such as prestige are thought to have been a primary driver in shaping the dynamics of human cultural evolution. However, few empirical studies have measured the importance of prestige relative to other effects, such as the content biases present within transmitted information. Here, we report the findings of an experimental transmission study designed to compare the simultaneous effects of a high- or low-prestige model with the presence of content containing social, survival, emotional, moral, rational, or counterintuitive information. Results from multimodel inference reveal that prestige is a significant factor in determining salience and recall, but that several content biases, specifically social, survival, negative emotional, and biological counterintuitive information, are significantly more influential. Further, we find evidence that prestige serves as a conditional learning strategy when no content cues are available. Our results demonstrate that content biases serve a vital and underappreciated role in cultural transmission

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-07-29
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 22
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Methods
- Experimental protocol
- Participants
- Story production
- Recordings
- Data coding and transcription
- Data analysis
- Ethics statement
Results
- Sample demographics
- Participants showed preferential recall of biased information
- Content biases were more influential than prestige bias
- Transmission biases explain little variance in recall
Discussion
- Prestige bias has a minor effect on transmission
- Prestige is unconsciously employed as a secondary bias
- Content biases have distinct effects
- Narrative structural features may aid transmission
- Implications for the understanding of transmission
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/9jk6g
Other: shh2686
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Evolutionary Human Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 3 Sequence Number: e42 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2513-843X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2513-843X

Source 2

show
hide
Title: SocArXiv Papers
  Abbreviation : SocArXiv
Source Genre: Web Page
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Cornell : Cornell University
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 9jk6g Start / End Page: - Identifier: URN: https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/