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  Prestige and content biases together shape the cultural transmission of narratives

Berl, R., Samarasinghe, A., Roberts, S., Jordan, F. M., & Gavin, M. C. (2020). Prestige and content biases together shape the cultural transmission of narratives. SocArXiv Papers, 9jk6g. doi:10.31235/osf.io/9jk6g.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-DB36-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-DB37-6
Genre: Paper

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shh2686pre.pdf (Preprint), 685KB
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https://osf.io/72v3f/ (Supplementary material)
Description:
Project "Cultural Transmission"

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 Creators:
Berl, Richard, Author
Samarasinghe, Alarna, Author
Roberts, Sean, Author
Jordan, Fiona M.1, Author              
Gavin, Michael C.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: accent, biased transmission, cognitive bias, content bias, context bias, counterintuitive, creation story, cultural evolution, cultural transmission, direct bias, emotional, experiment, indirect bias, information, model bias, moral, narrative, prestige, rational, social, social learning, storytelling, survival
 Abstract: Context-based cultural transmission biases such as prestige are thought to have been a primary driver in shaping the dynamics of human cultural evolution. However, few empirical studies have measured the importance of prestige relative to other effects, such as the content biases present within transmitted information. Here, we report the findings of an experimental transmission study designed to compare the simultaneous effects of a high- or low-prestige model with the presence of content containing social, survival, emotional, moral, rational, or counterintuitive information. Results from multimodel inference reveal that prestige is a significant factor in determining salience and recall, but that several content biases, specifically social, survival, negative emotional, and biological counterintuitive information, are significantly more influential. Further, we find evidence that prestige serves as a conditional learning strategy when no content cues are available. Our results demonstrate that content biases serve a vital and underappreciated role in cultural transmission

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-08-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 22
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Results
Discussion
Methods

 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/9jk6g
Other: shh2686
 Degree: -

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Title: SocArXiv Papers
  Abbreviation : SocArXiv
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Cornell : Cornell University
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 9jk6g Start / End Page: - Identifier: URI: https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/