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  Thermal properties of large main-belt asteroids observed by Herschel PACS

Alí-Lagoa, V., Müller, T. G., Kiss, C., Szakáts, R., Marton, G., Farkas-Takács, A., et al. (2020). Thermal properties of large main-belt asteroids observed by Herschel PACS. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 638: A84. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202037718.

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Alí-Lagoa, V.1, Author              
Müller, T. G.1, Author              
Kiss, C., Author
Szakáts, R., Author
Marton, G., Author
Farkas-Takács, A., Author
Bartczak, P., Author
Butkiewicz-Bąk, M., Author
Dudziński, G., Author
Marciniak, A., Author
Podlewska-Gaca, E., Author
Duffard, R., Author
Santos-Sanz, P., Author
Ortiz, J. L., Author
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1Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1950287              

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 Abstract: Non-resolved thermal infrared observations enable studies of thermal and physical properties of asteroids via thermo-physical models provided the shape and rotational properties of the target are well determined. We used calibration-programme Herschel PACS data (70, 100, 160 μm) and state-of-the-art shape models derived from adaptive-optics observations and/or optical light curves to constrain for the first time the thermal inertia of twelve large main-belt asteroids. We also modelled previously well-characterised targets such as (1) Ceres or (4) Vesta as they constitute important benchmarks. Using the scale as a free parameter, most targets required a re-scaling ~5% consistent with what would be expected given the absolute calibration error bars. This constitutes a good cross-validation of the scaled shape models, although some targets required larger re-scaling to reproduce the IR data. We obtained low thermal inertias typical of large main belt asteroids studied before, which continues to give support to the notion that these surfaces are covered by fine-grained insulating regolith. Although the wavelengths at which PACS observed are longwards of the emission peak for main-belt asteroids, they proved to be extremely valuable to constrain size and thermal inertia and not too sensitive to surface roughness. Finally, we also propose a graphical approach to help examine how different values of the exponent used for scaling the thermal inertia as a function of heliocentric distance (i.e. temperature) affect our interpretation of the results.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-06-17
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202037718
Other: LOCALID: 3251741
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Title: Astronomy and Astrophysics
  Other : Astron. Astrophys.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: France : EDP Sciences S A
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 638 Sequence Number: A84 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1432-0746
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828219_1