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  Saturn's Nightside Dynamics During Cassini's F Ring and Proximal Orbits: Response to Solar Wind and Planetary Period Oscillation Modulations

Bradley, T. J., Cowley, S. W. H., Bunce, E. J., Melin, H., Provan, G., Nichols, J. D., et al. (2020). Saturn's Nightside Dynamics During Cassini's F Ring and Proximal Orbits: Response to Solar Wind and Planetary Period Oscillation Modulations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125(9): e2020JA027907. doi:10.1029/2020JA027907.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-0AAB-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-0AAC-D
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Bradley, T. J., Author
Cowley, S. W. H., Author
Bunce, E. J., Author
Melin, H., Author
Provan, G., Author
Nichols, J. D., Author
Dougherty, M. K., Author
Roussos, Elias1, Author              
Krupp, Norbert1, Author              
Tao, C., Author
Lamy, L., Author
Pryor, W. R., Author
Hunt, G. J., Author
Affiliations:
1Department Planets and Comets, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832288              

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 Abstract: We examine the final 44 orbits of the Cassini spacecraft traversing the midnight sector of Saturn's magnetosphere to distances of ~21 Saturn radii, to investigate responses to heliospheric conditions inferred from model solar wind and Cassini galactic cosmic ray flux data. Clear storm responses to anticipated magnetospheric compressions are observed in magnetic field and energetic particle data, together with Saturn kilometric radiation (SKR), auroral hiss, and ultraviolet auroral emissions. Most compression events are associated with corotating interaction regions, producing ~2–3.5 day intervals of magnetospheric activity that are recurrent with the ~26 day solar rotation period (one or two such events per rotation), though one on the final pass is related to a nonrecurrent interplanetary shock possibly associated with an earlier X‐class solar flare. The response to compressions is modulated by the concurrent relative phasing of the northern and southern planetary period oscillation (PPO) systems, with long (>1 planetary rotation) SKR low‐frequency extension (LFE) intervals associated with strong field‐aligned coupling currents being favored when the two PPO systems act together to thin and thicken the tail plasma sheet during each PPO cycle. LFE onsets/intensifications are then favored at thin plasma sheet phases most unstable to reconnection, producing energetic nightside particle injections and poleward contractions of dawn‐brightened auroras. Correspondingly, solar rotation recurrent intervals of magnetospheric quiet conditions also occur with weak energetic particle fluxes and auroral emissions, associated with extended solar wind rarefactions. Overall, the results emphasize how strongly activity in Saturn's magnetosphere is modulated by concurrent heliospheric conditions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1029/2020JA027907
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  Other : JGR-A
  Abbreviation : J. Geophys. Res. - A
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Geophysical Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 125 (9) Sequence Number: e2020JA027907 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0148-0227
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042728714264