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  Depressive symptomatology in early retirees associated with reason for retirement: Results from the population-based LIFE-adult-study

Zuelke, A. E., Roehr, S., Schroeter, M. L., Witte, A. V., Hinz, A., Glaesmer, H., et al. (2020). Depressive symptomatology in early retirees associated with reason for retirement: Results from the population-based LIFE-adult-study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11: 565442. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.565442.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-3178-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-3179-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Zuelke, Andrea E.1, Author
Roehr, Susanne1, 2, Author
Schroeter, Matthias L.3, 4, Author              
Witte, A. Veronica3, Author              
Hinz, Andreas5, Author
Glaesmer, Heide5, Author
Engel, Christoph6, Author
Enzenbach, Cornelia6, Author
Zachariae, Silke6, Author
Zeynalova, Samira6, Author
Loeffler, Markus6, Author
Villringer, Arno3, 4, Author              
Riedel-Heller, Steffi G.1, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health (ISAP), University Hospital Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Global Brain Health Institute (GBHI), Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
4Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (IMISE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; Depressive symptoms; Mental health; Early retirement; Pension; Population-based study
 Abstract: Background: Transition from employment to retirement is regarded a crucial event. However, there is mixed evidence on associations between retirement and mental health, especially regarding early retirement. In Germany, cases of early retirement due to ill health—particularly, mental ill health—are increasing. Therefore, we investigated the association between early retirement and depressive symptoms, including information on different types of early retirement. Methods: We analyzed data from 4,808 participants of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study (age: 40–65 years, 654 retired, 4,154 employed), controlling for sociodemographic information, social network, pre-existing health conditions, and duration of retirement. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Regression analysis using entropy balancing was applied to achieve covariate balance between retired and employed subjects. Results: We found no overall-differences in depressive symptoms between employed and retired persons (men: b = −.52; p = 0.431; women: b = .05; p = .950). When looking at different types of early retirement, ill-health retirement was linked to increased depressive symptoms in women (b = 4.68, 95% CI = 1.71; 7.65), while voluntary retirement was associated with reduced depressive symptoms in men (b= −1.83, 95% CI = −3.22; −.43) even after controlling for covariates. For women, statutory retirement was linked to lower depressive symptomatology (b = −2.00, 95% CI = −3.99; −.02). Conclusion: Depressive symptomatology among early retirees depends on reason for retirement: For women, ill-health retirement is linked to higher levels of depressive symptoms. Women who retire early due to ill-health constitute a risk group for depressive symptoms that needs specific attention in the health care and social security system.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05-252020-09-042020-09-18
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.565442
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Psychiatry
  Abbreviation : Front Psychiatry
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 Sequence Number: 565442 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-0640
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/16640640