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  Crops vs. animals: regional differences in subsistence strategies of Swiss Neolithic farmers revealed by stable isotopes

Siebke, I., Furtwängler, A., Steuri, N., Hafner, A., Ramstein, M., Krause, J., et al. (2020). Crops vs. animals: regional differences in subsistence strategies of Swiss Neolithic farmers revealed by stable isotopes. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 12(10): 235. doi:10.1007/s12520-020-01122-1.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-3243-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-32D4-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Siebke, Inga, Author
Furtwängler, Anja, Author
Steuri, Noah, Author
Hafner, Albert, Author
Ramstein, Marianne, Author
Krause, Johannes1, 2, Author              
Lösch, Sandra, Author
Affiliations:
1MHAAM, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541699              
2Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, Kahlaische Str. 10, 07745 Jena, DE, ou_2074310              

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Free keywords: Stable isotopes, Carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, Neolithic diet, Subsistence strategies, Switzerland
 Abstract: The Neolithic period is archaeologically well documented in Central Europe, and several studies considered dietary habits and migration patterns. However, even though Switzerland and the alpine region are well known for Neolithic cultures, most of today’s knowledge about the population comes from organic materials such as wood, faunal, or botanic remains and not from the human remains themselves. This comprehensive study presents dietary reconstructions from stable isotope data (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S) of humans (n = 88) and fauna (n = 60) dating to the Neolithic from 21 sites that cluster in three main Swiss regions (Jura, Midland, Eastern Switzerland). The general data show a terrestrial C3 plant–based diet, and the δ15N values indicate regional differences between the groups, while males and females consumed similar proportions of animal proteins. It is assumed that freshwater fish was part of the diet at least in some regions. The data indicate that different subsistence strategies were practiced (animal husbandry/pastoralism vs. agriculture) possibly in relation to cultural influences. The δ34S values suggest some mobility in general, while indications for patrilocal societies are seen as females exhibit greater δ34S ranges. Overall, we conclude that most likely different subsistence strategies were practised, while no social stratigraphy based on nutritional access could be observed for the studied populations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-09-15
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 30
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
- Archaeological background
- Dietary and mobility reconstruction by stable isotope analyses

Materials

Methods
- Radiocarbon dating
- Bone collagen preparation and quality
- Statistics

Results

Discussion
- The faunal remains
- The human stable isotope data in the context of zooarchaeological and archaeobotanic studies
- Variations of diets depending on geographical regions
- Sex-related dietary differences
- Possible migration and patrilocality during the Swiss Neolithic/Early Bronze Age
- The presence of different subsistence strategies at Aesch und Oberbipp

Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s12520-020-01122-1
Other: shh2712
 Degree: -

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Title: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  Other : Archaeol Anthropol Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 (10) Sequence Number: 235 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1866-9557
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1866-9557