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  Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking

Haspelmath, M. (2019). Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking. Te Reo, 62(1), 93-115. doi:10.17617/2.3168042.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Haspelmath, Martin1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Adpositions; Argument indexing; case marking; dependent marking; Flagging; Head marking; Language typology
 Abstract: This paper compares the concept pair indexing/flagging with the well-known concept pair head/dependent marking that is widely used in typology. It shows that a general concept of flagging (comprising case and adpositional marking) is needed, and it sketches the advantages of the indexing concept over the older idea of “person agreement”. It then points out that the notions of head and dependent are hard to define (apart from the two basic domains of clauses and nominals), and that the head/dependent marking typology does not take the function of syntactic relation markers into account. On a functional view, both flags and indexes can be seen as role-identifiers, as opposed to concordants (attributive agreement markers). After discussing three further issues with the head/dependent marking typology, involving construct markers, concordants, and cross-indexes, I conclude that the concept pair indexing/flagging is more suitable for typological purposes than head/dependent marking.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-09-192019
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 24
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1 Comparative concepts for cross-linguistic grammatical comparison
2 Some examples of argument marking by flagging and indexing
3 Flags: Case-markers and/or adpositions
4 Indexing: Bound person markers
5 Head and dependent marking
6 Indexing/flagging does not require the abstract categories “head” and “dependent”
7 The function of syntactic relation markers
8 Indexing does not include construct markers
9 Flagging does not include concordants
10 The notion of indexing solves a serious problem with head marking
11 Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh2404
DOI: 10.17617/2.3168042
 Degree: -

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Title: Te Reo
  Other : Te Reo: Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Linguistic Society of New Zealand
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 62 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 93 - 115 Identifier: ISSN: 0494-8440
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0494-8440