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  Spin State as a Marker for the Structural Evolution of Nature’s Water-Splitting Catalyst

Krewald, V., Retegan, M., Neese, F., Lubitz, W., Pantazis, D. A., & Cox, N. (2016). Spin State as a Marker for the Structural Evolution of Nature’s Water-Splitting Catalyst. Inorganic Chemistry, 55(2), 488-501. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02578.

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Krewald, Vera1, Author           
Retegan, Marius1, Author           
Neese, Frank1, Author           
Lubitz, Wolfgang2, Author           
Pantazis, Dimitrios A.1, Author           
Cox, Nicholas2, Author           
1Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society, ou_3023886              
2Research Department Lubitz, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society, ou_3023873              


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 Abstract: In transition-metal complexes, the geometric structure is intimately connected with the spin state arising from magnetic coupling between the paramagnetic ions. The tetramanganese–calcium cofactor that catalyzes biological water oxidation in photosystem II cycles through five catalytic intermediates, each of which adopts a specific geometric and electronic structure and is thus characterized by a specific spin state. Here, we review spin–structure correlations in Nature’s water-splitting catalyst. The catalytic cycle of the Mn4O5Ca cofactor can be described in terms of spin-dependent reactivity. The lower “inactive” S states of the catalyst, S0 and S1, are characterized by low-spin ground states, SGS = 1/2 and SGS = 0. This is connected to the “open cubane” topology of the inorganic core in these states. The S2 state exhibits structural and spin heterogeneity in the form of two interconvertible isomers and is identified as the spin–switching point of the catalytic cycle. The first S2 state form is an open cubane structure with a low-spin SGS = 1/2 ground state, whereas the other represents the first appearance of a closed cubane topology in the catalytic cycle that is associated with a higher-spin ground state of SGS = 5/2. It is only this higher-spin form of the S2 state that progresses to the “activated” S3 state of the catalyst. The structure of this final metastable catalytic state was resolved in a recent report, showing that all manganese ions are six-coordinate. The magnetic coupling is dominantly ferromagnetic, leading to a high-spin ground state of SGS = 3. The ability of the Mn4O5Ca cofactor to adopt two distinct structural and spin-state forms in the S2 state is critical for water binding in the S3 state, allowing spin-state crossing from the inactive, low-spin configuration of the catalyst to the activated, high-spin configuration. Here we describe how an understanding of the magnetic properties of the catalyst in all S states has allowed conclusions on the catalyst function to be reached. A summary of recent literature results is provided that constrains the sequence of molecular level events: catalyst/substrate deprotonation, manganese oxidation, and water molecule insertion.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-11-102015-12-232016-01-19
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 14
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02578
 Degree: -



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Title: Inorganic Chemistry
  Abbreviation : Inorg. Chem.
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 55 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 488 - 501 Identifier: ISSN: 0020-1669
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0020-1669