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  Foxes, deer, and hedgehogs: The recall of focus alternatives in Vietnamese

Tjuka, A., Nguyen, H. T. T., & Spalek, K. (2020). Foxes, deer, and hedgehogs: The recall of focus alternatives in Vietnamese. Laboratory phonology, 11(1): 16. doi:10.5334/labphon.253.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-4AA1-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-4AA2-F
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Tjuka, Annika1, Author              
Nguyen, Huong Thi Thu, Author
Spalek, Katharina, Author
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Alternative semantics, information structure, delayed recall, memory, focus, intonation, Vietnamese
 Abstract: In tonal languages, the role of intonation in information-structuring has yet to be fully investigated. Intuitively, one would expect intonation to play only a small role in expressing communicative functions. However, experimental studies with Vietnamese native speakers show that intonation contours vary across different contexts and are used to mark certain types of information, for example, focus (Jannedy, 2007). In non-tonal languages (e.g., English), the marking of focus by intonation can influence the processing of focus alternatives (Fraundorf, Watson, & Benjamin, 2010). If Vietnamese also uses intonation to mark focus, the question arises whether the behavioral consequences of prosodic focus marking in Vietnamese are comparable to languages such as English or German. To test this, we replicate a study on memory for focus alternatives, originally carried out in German (Koch & Spalek, in progress), with Vietnamese language stimuli. In the original study, memory for focus alternatives was improved in a delayed recall task for focused elements produced with contrastive intonation in female speakers. Here, we replicate this finding with Northern Vietnamese native speakers: Contrastive intonation seems to improve later recall for focus alternatives in Northern Vietnamese, but only for female participants, in line with the findings by Koch and Spalek (in progress). These results indicate that prosodic focus marking in Vietnamese makes alternatives to the focused element more salient.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-10-26
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 29
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
1.1. The Vietnamese language
1.1.1. The Vietnamese tone system
1.1.2. Intonation contours
1.1.3. Focus marking
1.2. Memory representations for focus alternatives

2. Method
2.1. Participants
2.2. Materials
2.2.1. Main experiment
2.2.1.1. Auditory stimuli
2.2.1.2. Recall questions
2.2.2. Predictor tasks
2.2.2.1. Autism-Spectrum Quotient questionnaire
2.2.2.2. Language experience and proficiency questionnaire
2.3. Design
2.4. Procedure
2.5. Data annotation

3. Results

4. Discussion
4.1. Recall of focus alternatives and focused element
4.2. Gender differences in focus processing
4.3. Focus production in Northern Vietnamese

5. Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.5334/labphon.253
Other: shh2735
 Degree: -

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Title: Laboratory phonology
  Other : Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology
  Abbreviation : Lab. Phonol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Ubiquity Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 16 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1868-6354
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1868-6354