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  “Entraining” to speech, generating language?

Meyer, L., Sun, Y., & Martin, A. E. (2020). “Entraining” to speech, generating language? Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35(9), 1138-1148. doi:10.1080/23273798.2020.1827155.

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 Creators:
Meyer, Lars1, 2, Author              
Sun, Yue3, Author
Martin, Andrea E.4, 5, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Language Cycles, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025666              
2Department of Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology, Münster University, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Language and Computation in Neural Systems Group, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
5Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Entrainment; Neural oscillations; Endogenous activity; Active inference
 Abstract: Could meaning be read from acoustics, or from the refraction rate of pyramidal cells innervated by the cochlea, everyone would be an omniglot. Speech does not contain sufficient acoustic cues to identify linguistic units such as morphemes, words, and phrases without prior knowledge. Our target article (Meyer, L., Sun, Y., & Martin, A. E. (2019). Synchronous, but not entrained: Exogenous and endogenous cortical rhythms of speech and language processing. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2019.1693050) thus questioned the concept of “entrainment” of neural oscillations to such units. We suggested that synchronicity with these points to the existence of endogenous functional “oscillators”—or population rhythmic activity in Giraud’s (2020) terms—that underlie the inference, generation, and prediction of linguistic units. Here, we address a series of inspirational commentaries by our colleagues. As apparent from these, some issues raised by our target article have already been raised in the literature. Psycho– and neurolinguists might still benefit from our reply, as “oscillations are an old concept in vision and motor functions, but a new one in linguistics” (Giraud, A.-L. 2020. Oscillations for all A commentary on Meyer, Sun & Martin (2020). Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 1–8).

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-09-162020-09-162020-10-042020-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2020.1827155
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Grant ID : 016. Vidi.188.029
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Funding organization : Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

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Title: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Routledge
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 35 (9) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1138 - 1148 Identifier: Other: ISSN
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2327-3798