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  Connection “Stripes” in the Primate Insula

Krockenberger, M., Saleh, T., Logothetis, N., & Evrard, H. (submitted). Connection “Stripes” in the Primate Insula.

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 Creators:
Krockenberger, M1, 2, Author           
Saleh, TO1, 2, Author           
Logothetis, NK1, 2, Author           
Evrard, HC1, 2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: The insula has been classically divided into vast granular, dysgranular and agranular sectors. Over the years, several distinct studies proposed subdivisions of these sectors, with however no consensus. We recently proposed a cyto- and myelo-architectonic partition in which each sector contained sharply delimited areas (Evrard et al. 2014 J Comp Neurol 522: 64-97). Some of these areas were further divided into distinct subareas with obvious functional implications. Here, we examined the spatial relationship between architectonic boundaries and tract-tracing labeling in the insula in the macaque monkey. Injections of neuronal tracers in distinct areas of the prefrontal or anterior cingulate cortices produced heterogeneous and discontinuous patterns of anterograde and retrograde labeling in the insula. These patterns were made of sharply delimited patches forming anteroposterior stripes across consecutive coronal sections. While the overall pattern of labeling varied with the injection site, the patches systematically coincided with specific architectonic subareas, particularly in the dysgranular insula. This unequivocally validates our prior architectonic partition and strongly supports the idea of a refined modular Bauplan of the primate insula. This modular organization may underlie a serial stream of integration of interoception with ‘self-agency’ and ‘social’ activities across distinct insulo-prefrontal processing units that need to be explored.

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 Dates: 2020-11
 Publication Status: Submitted
 Pages: -
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1101/2020.11.03.361055
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