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  Finding the odd one out: trivial need-of-help is a salient social stimulus for children

Brielmann, A., & Stolarova, M. (2015). Finding the odd one out: trivial need-of-help is a salient social stimulus for children. Poster presented at 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015), Hildesheim, Germany.

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 Creators:
Brielmann, AA1, Author              
Stolarova, M, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: This study explored the prioritization of socially relevant information by investigating children’s processing of need-of-help versus basic categorical contentusing perceptually highly similar visual stimuli.Children (N = 47, 25 girls, M(age) = 8.06 yrs.) were asked to select the onepicture out of four thatwas different from the others.Two tasks, each including two conditions, were implemented in random order: human-bird andneed-of-helpdistinction(n = 80, 20 trials per condition). Accuracy was higher for bird, 84%, 95% CI [.78, .81], compared to child targets, 73%, [.64, .69], and for need-of-help, 84%, [.74, .79], compared to no need-of-help targets, 64%, [.58, .69].Response times were fastest for child, Mdn = 3669 ms, [3520, 3903] followed by bird targets, Mdn = 4281 ms, [4104, 4458], and slowest for the two need-of-help conditions, Mdn = 6188 ms, [5901, 6540], and Mdn = 6500 ms, [6147, 6984].These results suggest that need-of-help situations are more salient social stimuli compared to no-need-of-help stimuli. Need-of-help and human-bird categorizations were overall similarly accurate, but response times indicated that distinction of need-of-help content is more demanding than human-bird categorization. Accuracy and response times therefore likely reflect different processing requirements.

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 Dates: 2015-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.23668/psycharchives.876
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Title: 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists (TeaP 2015)
Place of Event: Hildesheim, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2015-03-08 - 2015-03-11

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Title: TeaP 2015: Abstracts of the 57th Conference of Experimental Psychologists
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Bermeitinger, C, Editor
Mojzisch, A, Editor
Greve, W, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Lengerich, Germany : Pabst
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 49 Identifier: ISBN: 978-3-95853-045-4