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  Early nomads of the Eastern Steppe and their tentative connections in the West

Savelyev, A., & Jeong, C. (2020). Early nomads of the Eastern Steppe and their tentative connections in the West. Evolutionary Human Sciences, 2: e20, pp. 1-17. doi:10.1017/ehs.2020.18.

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 Creators:
Savelyev, Alexander1, Author              
Jeong, Choongwon, Author
Affiliations:
1Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301699              

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Free keywords: Xiongnu, Rourans, Huns, Avars, history of the Steppe
 Abstract: The origin of the Xiongnu and the Rourans, the nomadic groups that dominated the eastern Eurasian steppe in the late first millennium BC/early first millennium AD, is one of the most controversial topics in the early history of Inner Asia. As debatable is the evidence linking these two groups with the steppe nomads of early medieval Europe, i.e. the Huns and the Avars, respectively. In this paper, we address the problems of Xiongnu–Hun and Rouran–Avar connections from an interdisciplinary perspective, complementing current archaeological and historical research with a critical analysis of the available evidence from historical linguistics and population genetics. Both lines of research suggest a mixed origin of the Xiongnu population, consisting of eastern and western Eurasian substrata, and emphasize the lack of unambiguous evidence for a continuity between the Xiongnu and the European Huns. In parallel, both disciplines suggest that at least some of the European Avars were of Eastern Asian ancestry, but neither linguistic nor genetic evidence provides sufficient support for a specific connection between the Avars and the Asian Rourans.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 17
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. The Xiongnu of Inner Asia and the Huns of European history
2.1. Historical and archaeological background
2.2. Historical linguistics
2.3. Population genetics
3. The Rourans of Inner Asia and the Avars of European history
3.1. Historical and archaeological background
3.2. Historical linguistics
3.3. Population genetics
4. Discussion and conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2020.18
Other: shh2773
 Degree: -

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Project name : Eurasia3angle
Grant ID : 646612
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Evolutionary Human Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2 Sequence Number: e20 Start / End Page: 1 - 17 Identifier: ISSN: 2513-843X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2513-843X