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  Populations dynamics in Northern Eurasian forests: a long-term perspective from Northeast Asia

Uchiyama, J., Gillam, J. C., Savelyev, A., & Ning, C. (2020). Populations dynamics in Northern Eurasian forests: a long-term perspective from Northeast Asia. Evolutionary Human Sciences, 2: e16, pp. 1-19. doi:10.1017/ehs.2020.11.

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 Creators:
Uchiyama, Junzo, Author
Gillam, J. Christopher, Author
Savelyev, Alexander1, Author              
Ning, Chao1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301699              

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Free keywords: Northern Eurasian Greenbelt, migration, Neolithization, Turkic language family, mtDNA
 Abstract: The ‘Northern Eurasian Greenbelt’ (NEG) is the northern forest zone stretching from the Japanese Archipelago to Northern Europe. The NEG has created highly productive biomes for humanity to exploit since the end of the Pleistocene. This research explores how the ecological conditions in northern Eurasia contributed to and affected human migrations and cultural trajectories by synthesizing the complimentary viewpoints of environmental archaeology, Geographic Information Science (GIS), genetics and linguistics. First, the environmental archaeology perspective raises the possibility that the NEG functioned as a vessel fostering people to develop diverse cultures and engage in extensive cross-cultural exchanges. Second, geographical analysis of genomic data on mitochondrial DNA using GIS reveals the high probability that population dynamics in the southeastern NEG promoted the peopling of the Americas at the end of the Pleistocene. Finally, a linguistic examination of environmental- and landscape-related vocabulary of the proto-Turkic language groups enables the outline of their original cultural landscape and natural conditions, demonstrating significant cultural spheres, i.e. from southern Siberia to eastern Inner Mongolia during Neolithization. All of these results combine to suggest that the ecological complex in the southern edge of the NEG in northeast Asia played a significant role in peopling across the continents during prehistory.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05-21
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 19
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: - Introduction: Northern Eurasian Greenbelt
- Methodology: synthesizing environmental archaeology, genetic-geography and linguistics
- Environmental archaeology: socio-ecological background of the NEG
-- Long hunting–gathering traditions
-- Environmental setting
-- Hypothesis: the NEG as a trans-continental cultural system
- A genetic–geographical perspective
-- Cultural, physical and bio-geographical evidence
-- Supporting archaeological evidence
-- The genomic evidence
-- Discussion
- Historical linguistics: the origin of the Turkic family and its early dispersal via the NEG
-- The Proto-Turkic homeland
-- Proto-Turkic vocabulary of the natural and cultural environments
-- Early Turkic migrations and cultural transmission via the NEG
- Early Turkic migrations and cultural transmission via the NEG

 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1017/ehs.2020.11
Other: shh2774
 Degree: -

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Project name : Eurasia3angle
Grant ID : 646612
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Evolutionary Human Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2 Sequence Number: e16 Start / End Page: 1 - 19 Identifier: ISSN: 2513-843X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2513-843X