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  A dynamic 6,000-year genetic history of Eurasia’s eastern steppe

Jeong, C., Wang, K., Wilkin, S., Taylor, W. T. T., Miller, B. K., Bemmann, J. H., et al. (2020). A dynamic 6,000-year genetic history of Eurasia’s eastern steppe. Cell, 183(4), 890-904.e29. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.10.015.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-77BF-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-77D4-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Table S1-S5, Document S1 (Supplementary material)
Description:
Table S1. Overview of Sites, Individuals, and Samples, Related to Figure 1. - Table S2. Overview of Genetic Data, Related to Figure 5 and STAR Methods. - Table S3. Genetic Groups and Reference Populations, Related to Figures 2, 3, and 4. - Table S4. Direct AMS Radiocarbon Dates for Individuals in This Study, Related to Figure 1 and STAR Methods. - Table S5. Population Modeling, Related to Figures 3, 4, and 5. - Document S1. Article Translation in Mongolian. - (Last checked: Nov. 2020)

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 Creators:
Jeong, Choongwon1, Author              
Wang, Ke1, Author              
Wilkin, Shevan2, Author              
Taylor, William Timothy Treal2, Author              
Miller, Bryan Kristopher2, Author              
Bemmann, Jan H., Author
Stahl, Raphaela1, Author              
Chiovelli, Chelsea1, Author              
Knolle, Florian1, Author              
Ulziibayar, Sodnom, Author
Khatanbaatar, Dorjpurev, Author
Erdenebaatar, Diimaajav, Author
Erdenebat, Ulambayar, Author
Ochir, Ayudai, Author
Ankhsanaa, Ganbold, Author
Vanchigdash, Chuluunkhuu, Author
Ochir, Battuga, Author
Munkhbayar, Chuluunbat, Author
Tumen, Dashzeveg, Author
Kovalev, Alexey, Author
Kradin, Nikolay, AuthorBazarov, Bilikto A., AuthorMiyagashev, Denis A., AuthorKonovalov, Prokopiy B., AuthorZhambaltarova, Elena, AuthorVentresca Miller, Alicia R.2, Author              Haak, Wolfgang1, Author              Schiffels, Stephan1, Author              Krause, Johannes1, Author              Boivin, Nicole L.2, Author              Erdene, Myagmar, AuthorHendy, Jessica3, Author              Warinner, Christina G.1, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
3Kostbare Kulturen, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2591692              

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Free keywords: human population history ancient DNA migration nomadic pastoralists Eastern Steppe Mongolia Xiongnu empire Mongol empire
 Abstract: The Eastern Eurasian Steppe was home to historic empires of nomadic pastoralists, including the Xiongnu and the Mongols. However, little is known about the region’s population history. Here, we reveal its dynamic genetic history by analyzing new genome-wide data for 214 ancient individuals spanning 6,000 years. We identify a pastoralist expansion into Mongolia ca. 3000 BCE, and by the Late Bronze Age, Mongolian populations were biogeographically structured into three distinct groups, all practicing dairy pastoralism regardless of ancestry. The Xiongnu emerged from the mixing of these populations and those from surrounding regions. By comparison, the Mongols exhibit much higher eastern Eurasian ancestry, resembling present-day Mongolic-speaking populations. Our results illuminate the complex interplay between genetic, sociopolitical, and cultural changes on the Eastern Steppe.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-11-052020-11-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 45
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: - Introduction
- Results
-- Pre-Bronze Age Population Structure and the Arrival of Pastoralism
-- Bronze Age Emergence of a Tripartite Genetic Structure
-- The Xiongnu Empire, the Rise of the First Imperial Steppe Polity
-- Fluctuating Genetic Heterogeneity in the Post-Xiongnu Polities
-- Rise of the Mongol Empire
-- Functional and Gendered Aspects of Recurrent Admixture in the Eastern Steppe
- Discussion
- STAR★Methods
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.10.015
Other: shh2775
 Degree: -

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Project name : PALEoRIDER
Grant ID : 771234
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
Project name : DAIRYCULTURES
Grant ID : 804884
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

Source 1

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Title: Cell
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, Mass. : Cell Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 183 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 890 - 904.e29 Identifier: ISSN: 0092-8674
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925463183