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  Spectroscopic Evidence for the Two C–H-Cleaving Intermediates of Aspergillus nidulans Isopenicillin N Synthase

Tamanaha, E., Zhang, B., Guo, Y., Chang, W.-c., Barr, E. W., Xing, G., et al. (2016). Spectroscopic Evidence for the Two C–H-Cleaving Intermediates of Aspergillus nidulans Isopenicillin N Synthase. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 138(28), 8862-8874. doi:10.1021/jacs.6b04065.

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 Creators:
Tamanaha, Esta1, Author
Zhang, Bo2, Author
Guo, Yisong2, Author
Chang, Wei-chen2, Author
Barr, Eric W.1, 2, Author
Xing, Gang1, 2, Author
St. Clair, Jennifer1, Author
Ye, Shengfa3, Author              
Neese, Frank3, Author              
Bollinger Jr., J. Martin1, 2, Author
Krebs, Carsten1, 2, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, United States, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Chemistry, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, United States, ou_persistent22              
3Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society, ou_3023886              

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 Abstract: The enzyme isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) installs the β-lactam and thiazolidine rings of the penicillin core into the linear tripeptide l-δ-aminoadipoyl-l-Cys-d-Val (ACV) on the pathways to a number of important antibacterial drugs. A classic set of enzymological and crystallographic studies by Baldwin and co-workers established that this overall four-electron oxidation occurs by a sequence of two oxidative cyclizations, with the β-lactam ring being installed first and the thiazolidine ring second. Each phase requires cleavage of an aliphatic C–H bond of the substrate: the pro-S-CCys,β–H bond for closure of the β-lactam ring, and the CVal,β–H bond for installation of the thiazolidine ring. IPNS uses a mononuclear non-heme-iron(II) cofactor and dioxygen as cosubstrate to cleave these C–H bonds and direct the ring closures. Despite the intense scrutiny to which the enzyme has been subjected, the identities of the oxidized iron intermediates that cleave the C–H bonds have been addressed only computationally; no experimental insight into their geometric or electronic structures has been reported. In this work, we have employed a combination of transient-state-kinetic and spectroscopic methods, together with the specifically deuterium-labeled substrates, A[d2-C]V and AC[d8-V], to identify both C–H-cleaving intermediates. The results show that they are high-spin Fe(III)-superoxo and high-spin Fe(IV)-oxo complexes, respectively, in agreement with published mechanistic proposals derived computationally from Baldwin’s founding work.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-04-202016-07-052016-07-20
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b04065
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Title: Journal of the American Chemical Society
  Other : JACS
  Abbreviation : J. Am. Chem. Soc.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 138 (28) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 8862 - 8874 Identifier: ISSN: 0002-7863
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925376870