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  The rise of prosociality in fiction preceded democratic revolutions in Early Modern Europe

Martins, M., & Baumard, N. (2020). The rise of prosociality in fiction preceded democratic revolutions in Early Modern Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(46), 28684-28691. doi:10.1073/pnas.2009571117.

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 Creators:
Martins, Mauricio1, 2, Author              
Baumard, Nicolas1, Author
Affiliations:
1Institut Jean Nicod, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              

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Free keywords: Political revolution; Trust; Cooperation; GDP; Text mining
 Abstract: The English and French Revolutions represent a turning point in history, marking the beginning of the modern rise of democracy. Recent advances in cultural evolution have put forward the idea that the early modern revolutions may be the product of a long-term psychological shift, from hierarchical and dominance-based interactions to democratic and trust-based relationships. In this study, we tested this hypothesis by analyzing theater plays during the early modern period in England and France. We found an increase in cooperation-related words over time relative to dominance-related words in both countries. Furthermore, we found that the accelerated rise of cooperation-related words preceded both the English Civil War (1642) and the French Revolution (1789). Finally, we found that rising per capita gross domestic product (GDPpc) generally led to an increase in cooperation-related words. These results highlight the likely role of long-term psychological and economic changes in explaining the rise of early modern democracies.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-10-302020-11-17
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2009571117
PMID: 33127754
Other: epub 2020
 Degree: -

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Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  Other : PNAS
  Other : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA
  Abbreviation : Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : National Academy of Sciences
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 117 (46) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 28684 - 28691 Identifier: ISSN: 0027-8424
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427230