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  Millennial-scale terrestrial ecosystem responses to Upper Pleistocene climatic changes: 4D-reconstruction of the Schwalbenberg Loess-Palaeosol-Sequence (Middle Rhine Valley, Germany)

Fischer, P., Jöris, O., Fitzsimmons, K. E., Vinnepand, M., Prud'homme, C., Schulte, P., et al. (2021). Millennial-scale terrestrial ecosystem responses to Upper Pleistocene climatic changes: 4D-reconstruction of the Schwalbenberg Loess-Palaeosol-Sequence (Middle Rhine Valley, Germany). Catena, 196: 104913. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2020.104913.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-7C75-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-7C76-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fischer, Peter, Author
Jöris, Olaf, Author
Fitzsimmons, Kathryn E.1, Author              
Vinnepand, Mathias, Author
Prud'homme, Charlotte1, Author              
Schulte, Philipp, Author
Hatté, Christine, Author
Hambach, Ulrich, Author
Lindauer, Susanne, Author
Zeeden, Christian, Author
Peric, Zoran2, Author              
Lehmkuhl, Frank, Author
Wunderlich, Tina, Author
Wilken, Dennis, Author
Schirmer, Wolfgang, Author
Vött, Andreas, Author
Affiliations:
1Terrestrial Palaeoclimates, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_2516691              
2Climate Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_2237635              

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 Abstract: Loess-Palaeosol-Sequences (LPS) in the Central European region provide outstanding terrestrial polygenetic and multiphase archives responding to past climate and environments over various spatial and temporal scales. As yet, however, the geomorphological and pedogenic processes involved in LPS formation, and their interplay with changes in ecological conditions, impede robust correlation with other palaeoenvironmental archives. The Schwalbenberg LPS, which drape a hillslope in the Middle Rhine Valley in western Central Europe, provide unique high-resolution records highly suitable for investigating the processes involved in their formation and the relationship to climatic influences during the Upper Pleistocene. Here we present the first comprehensive multi-proxy dataset for the Schwalbenberg LPS over four dimensions. We undertake systematic analyses along a representative slope transect using surface-based geophysical prospection in combination with Direct Push hydraulic profiling to characterise the subsurface stratigraphy in detail. We integrate selected sedimentological and geochemical proxy data from three long sediment cores and two profile sections to build a complete stratigraphical succession for the Schwalbenberg LPS. We show that the transect approach allows quantification of different formation phases, whether accumulative, erosive or pedogenic in character. In so doing we overcome the bias inherent in studies of individual sections and enable robust and reliable correlation with other climate archives. For the time interval ~ 80–15 ka BP correlation of combined lithostratigraphic features and organic carbon contents from Schwalbenberg with the Sofular and NGRIP δ18O-records can be established at millennial to centennial scale resolution, highlighting the sensitivity of western European LPS to the Atlantic-driven climate oscillations in much more detail than in any other terrestrial archive known in the region so far.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-09-292021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104913
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Title: Catena
  Other : Catena
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam [etc.] : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 196 Sequence Number: 104913 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0341-8162
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925519635