English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Automatic attentional orienting to other people's gaze in schizophrenia

Langdon, R., Seymour, K., Williams, T., & Ward, P. (2017). Automatic attentional orienting to other people's gaze in schizophrenia. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(8), 1549-1558. doi:10.1080/17470218.2016.1192658.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show
hide
Description:
-

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Langdon, R, Author
Seymour, K1, Author              
Williams, T, Author
Ward, PB, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Explicit tests of social cognition have revealed pervasive deficits in schizophrenia. Less is known of automatic social cognition in schizophrenia. We used a spatial orienting task to investigate automatic shifts of attention cued by another person's eye gaze in 29 patients and 28 controls. Central photographic images of a face with eyes shifted left or right, or looking straight ahead, preceded targets that appeared left or right of the cue. To examine automatic effects, cue direction was non-predictive of target location. Cue–target intervals were 100, 300, and 800 ms. In non-social control trials, arrows replaced eye-gaze cues. Both groups showed automatic attentional orienting indexed by faster reaction times (RTs) when arrows were congruent with target location across all cue–target intervals. Similar congruency effects were seen for eye-shift cues at 300 and 800 ms intervals, but patients showed significantly larger congruency effects at 800 ms, which were driven by delayed responses to incongruent target locations. At short 100-ms cue–target intervals, neither group showed faster RTs for congruent than for incongruent eye-shift cues, but patients were significantly slower to detect targets after direct-gaze cues. These findings conflict with previous studies using schematic line drawings of eye-shifts that have found automatic attentional orienting to be reduced in schizophrenia. Instead, our data indicate that patients display abnormalities in responding to gaze direction at various stages of gaze processing—reflected by a stronger preferential capture of attention by another person's direct eye contact at initial stages of gaze processing and difficulties disengaging from a gazed-at location once shared attention is established.

Details

show
hide
Language(s):
 Dates: 2017-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1192658
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Colchester, East Sussex, UK : Psychology Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 70 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1549 - 1558 Identifier: ISSN: 1747-0218
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925255152