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  Experience has a limited effect on humans’ ability to predict the outcome of social interactions in children, dogs and macaques

Donnier, S., Kovács, G., Oña, L. S., Bräuer, J., & Amici, F. (2020). Experience has a limited effect on humans’ ability to predict the outcome of social interactions in children, dogs and macaques. Scientific Reports, 10(1): 21240, pp. 1-10. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-78275-5.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8446-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8447-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Supplementary Data. (Supplementary material)
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(last checked: Dez. 2020)
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Supplementary video 1-3 (Supplementary material)
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(last checked: Dez. 2020)

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 Creators:
Donnier, Sasha, Author
Kovács, Gyula, Author
Oña, Linda S, Author
Bräuer, Juliane1, Author              
Amici, Federica, Author
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Animal behaviour, Coevolution
 Abstract: The ability to predict others’ behaviour represents a crucial mechanism which allows individuals to react faster and more appropriately. To date, several studies have investigated humans’ ability to predict conspecifics’ behaviour, but little is known on our ability to predict behaviour in other species. Here, we aimed to test humans’ ability to predict social behaviour in dogs, macaques and humans, and assess the role played by experience and evolution on the emergence of this ability. For this purpose, we presented participants with short videoclips of real-life social interactions in dog, child and macaque dyads, and then asked them to predict the outcome of the observed interactions (i.e. aggressive, neutral or playful). Participants were selected according to their previous species-specific experience with dogs, children and non-human primates. Our results showed a limited effect of experience on the ability to predict the outcome of social interactions, which was mainly restricted to macaques. Moreover, we found no support to the co-domestication hypothesis, in that participants were not especially skilled at predicting dog behaviour. Finally, aggressive outcomes in dogs were predicted significantly worse than playful or neutral ones. Based on our findings, we suggest possible lines for future research, like the inclusion of other primate species and the assessment of cultural factors on the ability to predict behaviour across species.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-12-04
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Methods
- Ethical statement.
- Participants.
- Materials and procedure.
- Statistical analyses.
Results
Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-78275-5
Other: shh2784
 Degree: -

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 (1) Sequence Number: 21240 Start / End Page: 1 - 10 Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322