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  The Middle Stone Age occupations of Tiémassas, coastal West Africa, between 62 and 25 thousand years ago

Niang, K., Blinkhorn, J., Ndiaye, M., Bateman, M., Seck, B., & Sawaré, G. (2020). The Middle Stone Age occupations of Tiémassas, coastal West Africa, between 62 and 25 thousand years ago. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 34: 102658. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102658.

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Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Niang, Khady, Author
Blinkhorn, James1, Author              
Ndiaye, Matar, Author
Bateman, Mark, Author
Seck, Birame, Author
Sawaré, Gora, Author
Affiliations:
1Lise Meitner Pan-African Evolution Research Group, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3033582              

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Free keywords: West Africa, Middle Stone Age, Stone Tool Technology, Late Pleistocene, Coastal occupations
 Abstract: Chronometrically dated Pleistocene records of human occupations of West Africa are rare but offer critical information with which to explore patterns of human origins and adaptation both within the region and more widely across the continent. A number of Middle Stone Age sites are known from the larger river valleys of West Africa, but recent work at the site of Tiémassas has highlighted the presence of Late Pleistocene occupations of the West African coastline. Tiémassas is the westernmost Middle Stone Age site known from Africa, and is located at the interface of Sudanian savannahs, Guinean forest-savannah mosaics and mangrove habitats. Research in the 20th century identified rich collections of MSA stone tools at the site, and our earlier excavations at Tiémassas have constrained an occupation to ca. 44 thousand years ago. Here, we present the results of further chronological dating and detailed analyses of lithic assemblages from new excavations at the site. We synthesize these new findings with the wider suite of evidence from the site to characterize MSA occupations of the West African coast to between 62 and 25 thousand years ago. Our results suggest considerable technological continuity in stone tool technologies at Tiémassas. Despite the immediate proximity of the coastline, there is little evidence at present to suggest direct engagement with coastal resources by MSA populations. Rather, the ecotonal position of the site, alongside more diffuse benefits of its coastal position, may have provided an attractive context for Middle Stone Age occupation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-11-202020-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: 1. Introduction
2. Site background
3. Methods
4. Results
4.1. Stratigraphy
4.2. Chronology
4.3. Stone tool technology
4.3.1. Stone tools assemblage from B3 and G6
4.3.2. Excavated Stone tool assemblages from Tiémassas
4.3.3. The Stone tool assemblages of Tiémassas
5. Discussion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102658
Other: shh2785
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 34 Sequence Number: 102658 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2352-409X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2352-409X