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  Cell Surface Structures of Archaea

Zolghadr, N., Driessen, S., Albers, S., & Jarrell, K. (2008). Cell Surface Structures of Archaea. Journal of Bacteriology, 190, 6039-6047.

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Zolghadr, N.1, Author
Driessen, S., Author
Albers, S.2, Author           
Jarrell, K., Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Society, ou_persistent13              
2Max Planck Research Group Molecular Biology of Archaea, Alumni, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society, ou_3266317              

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 Abstract: Prokaryotes possess various kinds of cell surface organelles serving versatile biological roles depending on the environmental niche of the organism. The formation of these structures involves fascinating machineries, as not only do the protein components need to travel across the cytoplasmic membrane like all secreted proteins, but they also need to do so in a precisely coordinated manner for proper assembly. Most commonly found on the surface of bacteria are flagella used for swimming (47); the type III secretion injectisome (needle structure) (21), which is used to deliver effector molecules from pathogenic organisms into host cells; and a wide variety of thinner organelles that fall under the broad designation of pili (13, 33, 58, 64, 69, 78). Different classes of these structures (type I pili, type IV pili, sex pili, etc.) which differ significantly in their structure, assembly, and function have been identified. Their many roles include adhesion, twitching (or surface) motility, and delivery of DNA and toxins, as well as functioning as electrically conductive “nanowires.” Other, less commonly studied appendages have also been reported, such as spinae (9).

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: eDoc: 439360
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Title: Journal of Bacteriology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 190 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 6039 - 6047 Identifier: -