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  Measuring transient reaction rates from nonstationary catalysts

Borodin, D., Golibrzuch, K., Schwarzer, M., Fingerhut, J., Skoulatakis, G., Schwarzer, D., et al. (2020). Measuring transient reaction rates from nonstationary catalysts. ACS Catalysis, 10(23), 14056-14066. doi:10.1021/acscatal.0c03773.

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 Creators:
Borodin, D.1, Author              
Golibrzuch, K.2, Author              
Schwarzer, M., Author
Fingerhut, J., Author
Skoulatakis, G., Author
Schwarzer, D.3, Author              
Seelemann, T., Author
Wodtke, A. M.2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Dynamics at Surfaces, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Dynamics at Surfaces, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578600              
3Department of Dynamics at Surfaces, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578600              

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Free keywords: high-speed imaging; velocity-resolved kinetics; CO oxidation; molecular beams; heterogeneous catalysis
 Abstract: Up to now, methods for measuring rates of reactions on catalysts required long measurement times involving signal averaging over many experiments. This imposed a requirement that the catalyst return to its original state at the end of each experiment—a complete reversibility requirement. For real catalysts, fulfilling the reversibility requirement is often impossible—catalysts under reaction conditions may change their chemical composition and structure as they become activated or while they are being poisoned through use. It is therefore desirable to develop high-speed methods where transient rates can be quickly measured while catalysts are changing. In this work, we present velocity-resolved kinetics using high-repetition-rate pulsed laser ionization and high-speed ion imaging detection. The reaction is initiated by a single molecular beam pulse incident at the surface, and the product formation rate is observed by a sequence of pulses produced by a high-repetition-rate laser. Ion imaging provides the desorbing product flux (reaction rate) as a function of reaction time for each laser pulse. We demonstrate the principle of this approach by rate measurements on two simple reactions: CO desorption from and CO oxidation on the 332 facet of Pd. This approach overcomes the time-consuming scanning of the delay between CO and laser pulses needed in past experiments and delivers a data acquisition rate that is 10–1000 times higher. We are able to record kinetic traces of CO2 formation while a CO beam titrates oxygen atoms from an O-saturated surface. This approach also allows measurements of reaction rates under diffusion-controlled conditions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-11-17
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.0c03773
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Title: ACS Catalysis
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 (23) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 14056 - 14066 Identifier: -