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  Properties and role of interfaces in multimaterial 3D printed composites

Zorzetto, L., Andena, L., Briatico-Vangosa, F., De Noni, L., Thomassin, J.-M., Jérôme, C., et al. (2020). Properties and role of interfaces in multimaterial 3D printed composites. Scientific Reports, 10(1): 22285. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-79230-0.

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 Creators:
Zorzetto, Laura, Author
Andena, Luca, Author
Briatico-Vangosa, Francesco, Author
De Noni, Lorenzo, Author
Thomassin, Jean-Michel, Author
Jérôme, Christine, Author
Grossman, Quentin, Author
Mertens, Anne, Author
Weinkamer, Richard1, Author              
Rink, Marta, Author
Ruffoni, Davide, Author
Affiliations:
1Richard Weinkamer, Biomaterialien, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863295              

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Free keywords: Bioinspired materials; Composites; Mechanical engineering
 Abstract: In polyjet printing photopolymer droplets are deposited on a build tray, leveled off by a roller and cured by UV light. This technique is attractive to fabricate heterogeneous architectures combining compliant and stiff constituents. Considering the layer-by-layer nature, interfaces between different photopolymers can be formed either before or after UV curing. We analyzed the properties of interfaces in 3D printed composites combining experiments with computer simulations. To investigate photopolymer blending, we characterized the mechanical properties of the so-called digital materials, obtained by mixing compliant and stiff voxels according to different volume fractions. We then used nanoindentation to measure the spatial variation in mechanical properties across bimaterial interfaces at the micrometer level. Finally, to characterize the impact of finite-size interfaces, we fabricated and tested composites having compliant and stiff layers alternating along different directions. We found that interfaces formed by deposition after curing were sharp whereas those formed before curing showed blending of the two materials over a length scale bigger than individual droplet size. We found structural and functional differences of the layered composites depending on the printing orientation and corresponding interface characteristics, which influenced deformation mechanisms. With the wide dissemination of 3D printing techniques, our results should be considered in the development of architectured materials with tailored interfaces between building blocks.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-12-172020
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-79230-0
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 (1) Sequence Number: 22285 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322