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  Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian chronology and palaeoenvironments at Kůlna Cave, Moravia, Czech Republic

Reade, H., Grimm, S. B., Tripp, J. A., Neruda, P., Nerudová, Z., Roblíčková, M., et al. (2021). Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian chronology and palaeoenvironments at Kůlna Cave, Moravia, Czech Republic. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 13(1): 4, pp. 1-20. Retrieved from 10.1007/s12520-020-01254-4.

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 Creators:
Reade, Hazel, Author
Grimm, Sonja B., Author
Tripp, Jennifer A., Author
Neruda, Petr, Author
Nerudová, Zdeňka, Author
Roblíčková, Martina, Author
Sayle, Kerry L., Author
Kearney, Rebecca, Author
Brown, Samantha1, Author              
Douka, Katerina1, 2, Author              
Higham, Thomas F. G., Author
Stevens, Rhiannon E., Author
Affiliations:
1FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Sulphur isotopes, Nitrogen isotopes, Carbon isotopes, Final Palaeolithic, Late Upper Palaeolithic, Permafrost
 Abstract: Kůlna Cave is the only site in Moravia, Czech Republic, from which large assemblages of both Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian archaeological materials have been excavated from relatively secure stratified deposits. The site therefore offers the unrivalled opportunity to explore the relationship between these two archaeological phases. In this study, we undertake radiocarbon, stable isotope (carbon, nitrogen and sulphur), and ZooMS analysis of the archaeological faunal assemblage to explore the chronological and environmental context of the Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian deposits. Our results show that the Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian deposits can be understood as discrete units from one another, dating to the Late Glacial between c. 15,630 cal. BP and 14,610 cal. BP, and c. 14,140 cal. BP and 12,680 cal. BP, respectively. Stable isotope results (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S) indicate that Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian activity at Kůlna Cave occurred in very different environmental settings. Magdalenian occupation took place within a nutrient-poor landscape that was experiencing rapid changes to environmental moisture, potentially linked to permafrost thaw. In contrast, Epimagdalenian occupation occurred in a relatively stable, temperate environment composed of a mosaic of woodland and grassland habitats. The potential chronological gap between the two phases, and their associations with very different environmental conditions, calls into question whether the Epimagdalenian should be seen as a local, gradual development of the Magdalenian. It also raises the question of whether the gap in occupation at Kůlna Cave could represent a change in settlement dynamics and/or behavioural adaptations to changing environmental conditions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-12-172021-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 20
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Background
Material and methods
- Sample selection
- Sample preparation
- Radiocarbon analysis
- Stable isotope analysis
- ZooMS analysis
Results
- Radiocarbon dating
- Isotope and ZooMS results
Discussion
- Chronology and stratigraphic relationship between the Magdalenian and Epimagdalenian
- Late Glacial palaeoenvironments in the Moravian Karst
Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: URI: 10.1007/s12520-020-01254-4
Other: shh2796
 Degree: -

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Title: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  Other : Archaeol Anthropol Sci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin [u.a.] : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 13 (1) Sequence Number: 4 Start / End Page: 1 - 20 Identifier: ISSN: 1866-9557
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1866-9557