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  The neural networks underlying reappraisal of empathy for pain

Naor, N., Rohr, C., Schaare, H. L., Limbachia, C., Shamay-Tsoory, S., & Okon-Singer, H. (2020). The neural networks underlying reappraisal of empathy for pain. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 15(7), 733-744. doi:10.1093/scan/nsaa094.

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 Creators:
Naor, Navot1, Author
Rohr, Christiane2, Author
Schaare, Herma Lina2, Author              
Limbachia, Chirag1, Author
Shamay-Tsoory, Simone3, Author
Okon-Singer, Hadas3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Empathy; Emotion regulation; Reappraisal; gPPI; IFG
 Abstract: Emotion regulation plays a central role in empathy. Only by successfully regulating our own emotions can we reliably use them in order to interpret the content and valence of others’ emotions correctly. In an functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-based experiment, we show that regulating one’s emotion via reappraisal modulated biased emotional intensity ratings following an empathy for pain manipulation. Task-based analysis revealed increased activity in the right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) when painful emotions were regulated using reappraisal, whereas empathic feelings that were not regulated resulted in increased activity bilaterally in the precuneus, supramarginal gyrus and middle frontal gyrus (MFG), as well as the right parahippocampal gyrus. Functional connectivity analysis indicated that the right IFG plays a role in the regulation of empathy for pain, through its connections with regions in the empathy for pain network. Furthermore, these connections were further modulated as a function of the type of regulation used: in sum, our results suggest that accurate empathic judgment (i.e. empathy that is unbiased) relies on a complex interaction between neural regions involved in emotion regulation and regions associated with empathy for pain. Thus, demonstrating the importance of emotion regulation in the formulation of complex social systems and sheds light on the intricate network implicated in this complex process.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-06-152019-05-062020-06-242020-07-232020-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsaa094
PMID: 32701145
PMC: PMC7511887
 Degree: -

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Title: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
  Other : SCAN
  Abbreviation : Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Oxford University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 15 (7) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 733 - 744 Identifier: ISSN: 1749-5016
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000223760