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  Estimating real driving emissions from multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements at the A60 motorway near Mainz, Germany

Lauster, B., Dörner, S., Beirle, S., Donner, S., Gromov, S., Uhlmannsiek, K., et al. (2021). Estimating real driving emissions from multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements at the A60 motorway near Mainz, Germany. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14, 769-784. doi:10.5194/amt-14-769-2021.

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 Creators:
Lauster, Bianca1, Author              
Dörner, Steffen1, Author              
Beirle, Steffen1, Author              
Donner, Sebastian1, Author              
Gromov, Sergey2, Author              
Uhlmannsiek, Katharina1, Author              
Wagner, Thomas1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Satellite Remote Sensing, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826293              
2Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826285              

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 Abstract: In urban areas, road traffic is a dominant source of nitrogen oxides (NOx=NO+NO2). Although the emissions from individual vehicles are regulated by the European emission standards, real driving emissions often exceed these limits. In this study, two multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) instruments on opposite sides of the motorway were used to measure the NO2 absorption caused by road traffic at the A60 motorway close to Mainz, Germany. In combination with wind data, the total NOx emissions for the occurring traffic volume can be estimated. Hereto, the ozone-dependent photochemical equilibrium between NO and NO2 is considered. We show that for 10 May 2019 the measured emissions exceed the maximum expected emissions calculated from the European emission standards for standardised test cycles by a factor of 11±7. One major advantage of the method used here is that MAX-DOAS measurements are very sensitive to the integrated NO2 concentration close to the surface. Thus, all emitted NO2 molecules are detected independently from their altitude, and therefore the whole emission plume originating from the nearby motorway is captured, which is a key advantage compared to other approaches such as in situ measurements.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-02-01
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.5194/amt-14-769-2021
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Title: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
  Abbreviation : AMT
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Göttingen : European Geosciences Union, Copernicus
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 769 - 784 Identifier: ISSN: 1867-1381
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1867-1381