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  Upper Limits on the Isotropic Gravitational-Wave Background from Advanced LIGO's and Advanced Virgo's Third Observing Run

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, The Virgo Collaboration, The KAGRA Collaboration, Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abraham, S., et al. (2021). Upper Limits on the Isotropic Gravitational-Wave Background from Advanced LIGO's and Advanced Virgo's Third Observing Run. Physical Review D, 104(2): 022004. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.104.022004.

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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author              
The Virgo Collaboration, Author              
The KAGRA Collaboration, Author              
Abbott, R., Author
Abbott, T. D., Author
Abraham, S., Author
Acernese, F., Author
Ackley, K., Author
Adams, A., Author
Adams, C., Author
Adhikari, R. X., Author
Adya, V. B., Author
Affeldt, C.1, Author              
Agarwal, D., Author
Agathos, M., Author
Agatsuma, K., Author
Aggarwal, N., Author
Aguiar, O. D., Author
Aiello, L., Author
Ain, A., Author
Akutsu, T., AuthorAleman, K. M., AuthorAllen, G., AuthorAllocca, A., AuthorAltin, P. A., AuthorAmato, A., AuthorAnand, S., AuthorAnanyeva, A., AuthorAnderson, S. B., AuthorAnderson, W. G., AuthorAndo, M., AuthorAngelova, S. V., AuthorAnsoldi, S., AuthorAntelis, J. M., AuthorAntier, S., AuthorAppert, S., AuthorArai, Koya, AuthorArai, Koji, AuthorArai, Y., AuthorAraki, S., AuthorAraya, A., AuthorAraya, M. C., AuthorAreeda, J. S., AuthorArène, M., AuthorAritomi, N., AuthorArnaud, N., AuthorAronson, S. M., AuthorAsada, H., AuthorAsali, Y., AuthorAshton, G., AuthorAso, Y., AuthorAston, S. M., AuthorAstone, P., AuthorAubin, F., AuthorAufmuth, P.1, Author              AultONeal, K., AuthorAustin, C., AuthorBabak, S., AuthorBadaracco, F., AuthorBader, M. K. M., AuthorBae, S., AuthorBae, Y., AuthorBaer, A. M., AuthorBagnasco, S., AuthorBai, Y., AuthorBaiotti, L., AuthorBaird, J., AuthorBajpai, R., AuthorBall, M., AuthorBallardin, G., AuthorBallmer, S. W., AuthorBals, M., AuthorBalsamo, A., AuthorBaltus, G., AuthorBanagiri, S., AuthorBankar, D., AuthorBankar, R. S., AuthorBarayoga, J. C., AuthorBarbieri, C., AuthorBarish, B. C., AuthorBarker, D., AuthorBarneo, P., AuthorBarnum, S., AuthorBarone, F., AuthorBarr, B., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBarsuglia, M., AuthorBarta, D., AuthorBartlett, J., AuthorBarton, M. A., AuthorBartos, I., AuthorBassiri, R., AuthorBasti, A., AuthorBawaj, M., AuthorBayley, J. C., AuthorBaylor, A. C., AuthorBazzan, M., AuthorBécsy, B., AuthorBedakihale, V. M., AuthorBejger, M., AuthorBelahcene, I., AuthorBenedetto, V., AuthorBeniwal, D., AuthorBenjamin, M. G., AuthorBennett, T. F., AuthorBentley, J. D., AuthorBenYaala, M., AuthorBergamin, F.1, Author              Berger, B. K., AuthorBernuzzi, S., AuthorBersanetti, D., AuthorBertolini, A., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBhandare, R., AuthorBhandari, A. V., AuthorBhattacharjee, D., AuthorBhaumik, S., AuthorBidler, J., AuthorBilenko, I. A., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBirney, R., AuthorBirnholtz, O., AuthorBiscans, S., AuthorBischi, M., AuthorBiscoveanu, S., AuthorBisht, A.1, Author              Biswas, B., AuthorBitossi, M., AuthorBizouard, M. -A., AuthorBlackburn, J. K., AuthorBlackman, J., AuthorBlair, C. D., AuthorBlair, D. G., AuthorBlair, R. M., AuthorBobba, F., AuthorBode, N.1, Author              Boer, M., AuthorBogaert, G., AuthorBoldrini, M., AuthorBondu, F., AuthorBonilla, E., AuthorBonnand, R., AuthorBooker , P.1, AuthorBoom, B. A., AuthorBork, R., AuthorBoschi, V., AuthorBose, N., AuthorBose, S., AuthorBossilkov, V., AuthorBoudart, V., AuthorBouffanais, Y., AuthorBozzi, A., AuthorBradaschia, C., AuthorBrady, P. R., AuthorBramley, A., AuthorBranch, A., AuthorBranchesi, M., AuthorBrau, J. E., AuthorBreschi, M., AuthorBriant, T., AuthorBriggs, J. H., AuthorBrillet, A., AuthorBrinkmann, M.1, Author              Brockill, P., AuthorBrooks, A. F., AuthorBrooks, J., AuthorBrown, D. 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K., AuthorChoudhary, S., AuthorChristensen, N., AuthorChu, H., AuthorChu, Q., AuthorChu, Y-K., AuthorChua, S., AuthorChung, K. W., AuthorCiani, G., AuthorCiecielag, P., AuthorCieślar, M., AuthorCifaldi, M., AuthorCiobanu, A. A., AuthorCiolfi, R., AuthorCipriano, F., AuthorCirone, A., AuthorClara, F., AuthorClark, E. N., AuthorClark, J. A., AuthorClarke, L., AuthorClearwater, P., AuthorClesse, S., AuthorCleva, F., AuthorCoccia, E., AuthorCohadon, P. -F., AuthorCohen, D. E., AuthorCohen, L., AuthorColleoni, M., AuthorCollette, C. G., AuthorColpi, M., AuthorCompton, C. M., AuthorConstancio, M., AuthorConti, L., AuthorCooper, S. J., AuthorCorban, P., AuthorCorbitt, T. R., AuthorCordero-Carrión, I., AuthorCorezzi, S., AuthorCorley, K. R., AuthorCornish, N., AuthorCorre, D., AuthorCorsi, A., AuthorCortese, S., AuthorCosta, C. A., AuthorCotesta, R.2, Author              Coughlin, M. W., AuthorCoughlin, S. B., AuthorCoulon, J. -P., AuthorCountryman, S. T., AuthorCousins, B., AuthorCouvares, P., AuthorCovas, P. B., AuthorCoward, D. M., AuthorCowart, M. J., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorCoyne, R., AuthorCreighton, J. D. E., AuthorCreighton, T. D., AuthorCriswell, A. W., AuthorCroquette, M., AuthorCrowder, S. G., AuthorCudell, J. R., AuthorCullen, T. J., AuthorCumming, A., AuthorCummings, R., AuthorCuoco, E., AuthorCuryło, M., AuthorDal Canton, T. 2, AuthorDálya, G., AuthorDana, A., AuthorDaneshgaranBajastani, L. M., AuthorD'Angelo, B., AuthorDanilishin, S. L., AuthorD'Antonio, S., AuthorDanzmann, K.1, Author              Darsow-Fromm, C., AuthorDasgupta, A., AuthorDatrier, L. E. H., AuthorDattilo, V., AuthorDave, I., AuthorDavier, M., AuthorDavies, G. S., AuthorDavis, D., AuthorDaw, E. J., AuthorDean, R., AuthorDeBra, D., AuthorDeenadayalan, M., AuthorDegallaix, J., AuthorDe Laurentis, M., AuthorDeléglise, S., AuthorDel Favero, V., AuthorDe Lillo, F., AuthorDe Lillo, N., AuthorDel Pozzo, W., AuthorDeMarchi, L. 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B., AuthorEdy, O., AuthorEffler, A., AuthorEguchi, S., AuthorEichholz, J., AuthorEikenberry, S. S., AuthorEisenmann, M., AuthorEisenstein, R. A., AuthorEjlli, A., AuthorEnomoto, Y., AuthorErrico, L., AuthorEssick, R. C., AuthorEstellés, H., AuthorEstevez, D., AuthorEtienne, Z., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, M., AuthorEvans, T. M., AuthorEwing, B. E., AuthorFafone, V., AuthorFair, H., AuthorFairhurst, S., AuthorFan, X., AuthorFarah, A. M., AuthorFarinon, S., AuthorFarr, B., AuthorFarr, W. M., AuthorFarrow, N. W., AuthorFauchon-Jones, E. J., AuthorFavata, M., AuthorFays, M., AuthorFazio, M., AuthorFeicht, J., AuthorFejer, M. M., AuthorFeng, F., AuthorFenyvesi, E., AuthorFerguson, D. L., AuthorFernandez-Galiana, A., AuthorFerrante, I., AuthorFerreira, T. A., AuthorFidecaro, F., AuthorFigura, P., AuthorFiori, I., AuthorFishbach, M., AuthorFisher, R. P., AuthorFishner, J. M., AuthorFittipaldi, R., AuthorFiumara, V., AuthorFlaminio, R., AuthorFloden, E., AuthorFlynn, E., AuthorFong, H., AuthorFont, J. A., AuthorFornal, B., AuthorForsyth, P. W. F., AuthorFranke, A., AuthorFrasca, S., AuthorFrasconi, F., AuthorFrederick, C., AuthorFrei, Z., AuthorFreise, A., AuthorFrey, R., AuthorFritschel, P., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFronzé, G. G., AuthorFujii, Y., AuthorFujikawa, Y., AuthorFukunaga, M., AuthorFukushima, M., AuthorFulda, P., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGabbard, H. A., AuthorGadre, B.2, Author              Gaebel, S. M., AuthorGair, J.2, Author              Gais, J., AuthorGalaudage, S., AuthorGamba, R., AuthorGanapathy, D., AuthorGanguly, A., AuthorGao, D., AuthorGaonkar, S. 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C., AuthorGreen, R., AuthorGretarsson, A. M., AuthorGretarsson, E. M., AuthorGriffith, D., AuthorGriffiths, W., AuthorGriggs, H. L., AuthorGrignani, G., AuthorGrimaldi, A., AuthorGrimes, E., AuthorGrimm, S. J., AuthorGrote, H., AuthorGrunewald, S.2, Author              Gruning, P., AuthorGuerrero, J. G., AuthorGuidi, G. M., AuthorGuimaraes, A. R., AuthorGuixé, G., AuthorGulati, H. K., AuthorGuo, H. -K., AuthorGuo, Y., AuthorGupta, A., AuthorGupta, A., AuthorGupta, P., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorGuzman, F., AuthorHa, S., AuthorHaegel, L., AuthorHagiwara, A., AuthorHaino, S., AuthorHalim, O., AuthorHall, E. D., AuthorHamilton, E. Z., AuthorHammond, G., AuthorHan, W. -B., AuthorHaney, M., AuthorHanks, J., AuthorHanna, C., AuthorHannam, M. D., AuthorHannuksela, O. A., AuthorHansen, H., AuthorHansen, T. J., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHarder, T., AuthorHardwick, T., AuthorHaris, K., AuthorHarms, J., AuthorHarry, G. M., AuthorHarry, I. W., AuthorHartwig, D., AuthorHasegawa, K., AuthorHaskell, B., AuthorHasskew, R. K., AuthorHaster, C. -J., AuthorHattori, K., AuthorHaughian, K., AuthorHayakawa, H., AuthorHayama, K., AuthorHayes, F. J., AuthorHealy, J., AuthorHeidmann, A., AuthorHeintze, M. C., AuthorHeinze, J.1, Author              Heinzel, J., AuthorHeitmann, H., AuthorHellman, F., AuthorHello, P., AuthorHelmling-Cornell, A. F., AuthorHemming, G., AuthorHendry, M., AuthorHeng, I. S., AuthorHennes, E., AuthorHennig, J.-S.1, Author              Hennig, M. H.1, AuthorVivanco, F. Hernandez, AuthorHeurs, M.1, Author              Hild, S., AuthorHill, P., AuthorHimemoto, Y., AuthorHines, A. S., AuthorHiranuma, Y., AuthorHirata, N., AuthorHirose, E., AuthorHochheim , S.3, AuthorHofman, D., AuthorHohmann, J. N., AuthorHolgado, A. M., AuthorHolland, N. A., AuthorHollows, I. J., AuthorHolmes, Z. J., AuthorHolt, K., AuthorHolz, D. E., AuthorHong, Z., AuthorHopkins, P., AuthorHough, J., AuthorHowell, E. J., AuthorHoy, C. G., AuthorHoyland, D., AuthorHreibi, A.1, Author              Hsieh, B-H., AuthorHsu, Y., AuthorHuang, G-Z., AuthorHuang, H-Y., AuthorHuang, P., AuthorHuang, Y-C., AuthorHuang, Y. -J., AuthorHuang, Y. -W., AuthorHübner, M. T., AuthorHuddart, A. D., AuthorHuerta, E. A., AuthorHughey, B., AuthorHui, D. C. Y., AuthorHui, V., AuthorHusa, S., AuthorHuttner, S. H., AuthorHuxford, R., AuthorHuynh-Dinh, T., AuthorIde, S., AuthorIdzkowski, B., AuthorIess, A., AuthorIkenoue, B., AuthorImam, S., AuthorInayoshi, K., AuthorInchauspe, H., AuthorIngram, C., AuthorInoue, Y., AuthorIntini, G., AuthorIoka, K., AuthorIsi, M., AuthorIsleif, K., AuthorIto, K., AuthorItoh, Y., AuthorIyer, B. R., AuthorIzumi, K., AuthorJaberianHamedan, V., AuthorJacqmin, T., AuthorJadhav, S. J., AuthorJadhav, S. P., AuthorJames, A. L., AuthorJan, A. Z., AuthorJani, K., AuthorJanssens, K., AuthorJanthalur, N. N., AuthorJaranowski, P., AuthorJariwala, D., AuthorJaume, R., AuthorJenkins, A. C., AuthorJeon, C., AuthorJeunon, M., AuthorJia, W., AuthorJiang, J., AuthorJin, H. -B., AuthorJohns, G. R., AuthorJones, A. W., AuthorJones, D. I., AuthorJones, J. D., AuthorJones, P., AuthorJones, R., AuthorJonker, R. J. G., AuthorJu, L., AuthorJung, K., AuthorJung, P., AuthorJunker, J.1, Author              Kaihotsu, K., AuthorKajita, T., AuthorKakizaki, M., AuthorKalaghatgi, C. V., AuthorKalogera, V., AuthorKamai, B., AuthorKamiizumi, M., AuthorKanda, N., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKang, G., AuthorKanner, J. B., AuthorKao, Y., AuthorKapadia, S. J., AuthorKapasi, D. P., AuthorKarathanasis, C., AuthorKarki, S., AuthorKashyap, R., AuthorKasprzack, M., AuthorKastaun, W.4, Author              Katsanevas, S., AuthorKatsavounidis, E., AuthorKatzman, W., AuthorKaur, T., AuthorKawabe, K., AuthorKawaguchi, K., AuthorKawai, N., AuthorKawasaki, T., AuthorKéfélian, F., AuthorKeitel, D., AuthorKey, J. S., AuthorKhadka, S., AuthorKhalili, F. Y., AuthorKhan, I., AuthorKhan, S., AuthorKhazanov, E. A., AuthorKhetan, N., AuthorKhursheed, M., AuthorKijbunchoo, N., AuthorKim, C., AuthorKim, J. C., AuthorKim, J., AuthorKim, K., AuthorKim, W. S., AuthorKim, Y. -M., AuthorKimball, C., AuthorKimura, N., AuthorKing, P. J., AuthorKinley-Hanlon, M., AuthorKirchhoff, R.1, Author              Kissel, J. S., AuthorKita, N., AuthorKitazawa, H., AuthorKleybolte, L., AuthorKlimenko, S., AuthorKnee, A. M., AuthorKnowles, T. D., AuthorKnyazev, E., AuthorKoch, P.1, Author              Koekoek, G., AuthorKojima, Y., AuthorKokeyama, K., AuthorKoley, S., AuthorKolitsidou, P., AuthorKolstein, M., AuthorKomori, K., AuthorKondrashov, V., AuthorKong, A. K. H., AuthorKontos, A.3, AuthorKoper, N.1, Author              Korobko, M., AuthorKotake, K., AuthorKovalam, M., AuthorKozak, D. B., AuthorKozakai, C., AuthorKozu, R., AuthorKringel, V.1, Author              Krishnendu, N. V.4, Author              Królak, A., AuthorKuehn, G.1, Author              Kuei, F., AuthorKumar, A., AuthorKumar, P., AuthorKumar, Rahul, AuthorKumar, Rakesh, AuthorKume, J., AuthorKuns, K., AuthorKuo, C., AuthorKuo, H-S., AuthorKuromiya, Y., AuthorKuroyanagi, S., AuthorKusayanagi, K., AuthorKwak, K., AuthorKwang, S., AuthorLaghi, D., AuthorLalande, E., AuthorLam, T. L., AuthorLamberts, A., AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLane, B. B., AuthorLang, R. N., AuthorLange, J., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLa Rosa, I., AuthorLartaux-Vollard, A., AuthorLasky, P. D., AuthorLaxen, M., AuthorLazzarini, A., AuthorLazzaro, C., AuthorLeaci, P., AuthorLeavey, S.1, Author              Lecoeuche, Y. K., AuthorLee, H. K., AuthorLee, H. M., AuthorLee, H. W., AuthorLee, J., AuthorLee, K., AuthorLee, R., AuthorLehmann, J.1, Author              Lemaître, A., AuthorLeon, E., AuthorLeonardi, M., AuthorLeroy, N., AuthorLetendre, N., AuthorLevin, Y., AuthorLeviton, J. N., AuthorLi, A. K. Y., AuthorLi, B., AuthorLi, J., AuthorLi, K. L., AuthorLi, T. G. F., AuthorLi, X., AuthorLin, C-Y., AuthorLin, F-K., AuthorLin, F-L., AuthorLin, H. L., AuthorLin, L. C. -C., AuthorLinde, F., AuthorLinker, S. D., AuthorLinley, J. N., AuthorLittenberg, T. B., AuthorLiu, G. C., AuthorLiu, J.1, Author              Liu, K., AuthorLiu, X., AuthorLlorens-Monteagudo, M., AuthorLo, R. K. L., AuthorLockwood, A., AuthorLollie, M. L., AuthorLondon, L. T., AuthorLongo, A., AuthorLopez, D., AuthorLorenzini, M., AuthorLoriette, V., AuthorLormand, M., AuthorLosurdo, G., AuthorLough, J.1, Author              Lousto, C. O., AuthorLovelace, G., AuthorLück, H.1, Author              Lumaca, D., AuthorLundgren, A. P., AuthorLuo, L. -W., AuthorMacas, R., AuthorMacInnis, M., AuthorMacleod, D. M., AuthorMacMillan, I. A. O., AuthorMacquet, A., AuthorHernandez, I. Magaña, AuthorMagaña-Sandoval, F., AuthorMagazzù, C., AuthorMagee, R. M., AuthorMaggiore, R., AuthorMajorana, E., AuthorMaksimovic, I., AuthorMaliakal, S., AuthorMalik, A., AuthorMan, N., AuthorMandic, V., AuthorMangano, V., AuthorMango, J. L., AuthorMansell, G. L., AuthorManske, M., AuthorMantovani, M., AuthorMapelli, M., AuthorMarchesoni, F., AuthorMarchio, M., AuthorMarion, F., AuthorMark, Z., AuthorMárka, S., AuthorMárka, Z., AuthorMarkakis, C., AuthorMarkosyan, A. S., AuthorMarkowitz, A., AuthorMaros, E., AuthorMarquina, A., AuthorMarsat, S., AuthorMartelli, F., AuthorMartin, I. W., AuthorMartin, R. M., AuthorMartinez, M., AuthorMartinez, V., AuthorMartinovic, K., AuthorMartynov, D. V., AuthorMarx, E. J., AuthorMasalehdan, H., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMassera, E., AuthorMasserot, A., AuthorMassinger, T. J., AuthorMasso-Reid, M., AuthorMastrogiovanni, S., AuthorMatas, A.2, Author              Mateu-Lucena, M., AuthorMatichard, F., AuthorMatiushechkina, M.1, Author              Mavalvala, N., AuthorMcCann, J. J., AuthorMcCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcClincy, P., AuthorMcCormick, S., AuthorMcCuller, L., AuthorMcGhee, G. I., AuthorMcGuire, S. C., AuthorMcIsaac, C., AuthorMcIver, J., AuthorMcManus, D. J., AuthorMcRae, T., AuthorMcWilliams, S. T., AuthorMeacher, D., AuthorMehmet, M.1, Author              Mehta, A. K.2, Author              Melatos, A., AuthorMelchor, D. A., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMenendez-Vazquez, A., AuthorMenoni, C. S., AuthorMercer, R. A., AuthorMereni, L., AuthorMerfeld, K., AuthorMerilh, E. L., AuthorMerritt, J. D., AuthorMerzougui, M., AuthorMeshkov, S., AuthorMessenger, C., AuthorMessick, C., AuthorMeyers, P. M., AuthorMeylahn, F.1, Author              Mhaske, A., AuthorMiani, A., AuthorMiao, H., AuthorMichaloliakos, I., AuthorMichel, C., AuthorMichimura, Y., AuthorMiddleton, H., AuthorMilano, L., AuthorMiller, A. L., AuthorMillhouse, M., AuthorMills, J. C., AuthorMilotti, E., AuthorMilovich-Goff, M. C., AuthorMinazzoli, O., AuthorMinenkov, Y., AuthorMio, N., AuthorMir, Ll. M., AuthorMishkin, A., AuthorMishra, C., AuthorMishra, T., AuthorMistry, T., AuthorMitra, S., AuthorMitrofanov, V. P., AuthorMitselmakher, G., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMiyakawa, O., AuthorMiyamoto, A., AuthorMiyazaki, Y., AuthorMiyo, K., AuthorMiyoki, S., AuthorMo, Geoffrey, AuthorMogushi, K., AuthorMohapatra, S. R. P., AuthorMohite, S. R., AuthorMolina, I., AuthorMolina-Ruiz, M., AuthorMondin, M., AuthorMontani, M., AuthorMoore, C. J., AuthorMoraru, D., AuthorMorawski, F., AuthorMore, A., AuthorMoreno, C., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMori, Y., AuthorMorisaki, S., AuthorMoriwaki, Y., AuthorMours, B., AuthorMow-Lowry, C. M., AuthorMozzon, S., AuthorMuciaccia, F., AuthorMukherjee, Arunava, AuthorMukherjee, D., AuthorMukherjee, Soma, AuthorMukherjee, Subroto, AuthorMukund, N.1, Author              Mullavey, A., AuthorMunch, J., AuthorMuñiz, E. A., AuthorMurray, P. G., AuthorMusenich, R., AuthorNadji, S. L.1, Author              Nagano, K., AuthorNagano, S., AuthorNagar, A., AuthorNakamura, K., AuthorNakano, H., AuthorNakano, M., AuthorNakashima, R., AuthorNakayama, Y., AuthorNardecchia, I., AuthorNarikawa, T., AuthorNaticchioni, L., AuthorNayak, B., AuthorNayak, R. K., AuthorNegishi, R., AuthorNeil, B. F., AuthorNeilson, J., AuthorNelemans, G., AuthorNelson, T. J. N., AuthorNery, M.1, Author              Neunzert, A., AuthorNg, K. Y., AuthorNg, S. W. S., AuthorNguyen, C., AuthorNguyen, P., AuthorNguyen, T., AuthorQuynh, L. Nguyen, AuthorNi, W. -T., AuthorNichols, S. A., AuthorNishizawa, A., AuthorNissanke, S., AuthorNocera, F., AuthorNoh, M., AuthorNorman, M., AuthorNorth, C., AuthorNozaki, S., AuthorNuttall, L. K., AuthorOberling, J., AuthorO'Brien, B. D., AuthorObuchi, Y., AuthorO'Dell, J., AuthorOgaki, W., AuthorOganesyan, G., AuthorOh, J. J., AuthorOh, K., AuthorOh, S. H., AuthorOhashi, M., AuthorOhishi, N., AuthorOhkawa, M., AuthorOhme, F.4, Author              Ohta, H., AuthorOkada, M. A., AuthorOkutani, Y., AuthorOkutomi, K., AuthorOlivetto, C., AuthorOohara, K., AuthorOoi, C., AuthorOram, R., AuthorO'Reilly, B., AuthorOrmiston, R. G., AuthorOrmsby, N. D., AuthorOrtega, L. F., AuthorO'Shaughnessy, R., AuthorO'Shea, E., AuthorOshino, S., AuthorOssokine, S.2, Author              Osthelder, C., AuthorOtabe, S., AuthorOttaway, D. J., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorPace, A. E., AuthorPagano, G., AuthorPage, M. A., AuthorPagliaroli, G., AuthorPai, A., AuthorPai, S. A., AuthorPalamos, J. R., AuthorPalashov, O., AuthorPalomba, C., AuthorPan, K., AuthorPanda, P. K., AuthorPang, H., AuthorPang, P. T. H., AuthorPankow, C., AuthorPannarale, F., AuthorPant, B. C., AuthorPaoletti, F., AuthorPaoli, A., AuthorPaolone, A., AuthorParisi, A., AuthorPark, J., AuthorParker, W., AuthorPascucci, D., AuthorPasqualetti, A., AuthorPassaquieti, R., AuthorPassuello, D., AuthorPatel, M., AuthorPatricelli, B., AuthorPayne, E., AuthorPechsiri, T. C., AuthorPedraza, M., AuthorPegoraro, M., AuthorPele, A., AuthorArellano, F. E. Peña, AuthorPenn, S., AuthorPerego, A., AuthorPereira, A., AuthorPereira, T., AuthorPerez, C. J., AuthorPérigois, C., AuthorPerreca, A., AuthorPerriès, S., AuthorPetermann, J., AuthorPetterson, D., AuthorPfeiffer, H. P.2, Author              Pham, K. A., AuthorPhukon, K. S., AuthorPiccinni, O. J., AuthorPichot, M., AuthorPiendibene, M., AuthorPiergiovanni, F., AuthorPierini, L., AuthorPierro, V., AuthorPillant, G., AuthorPilo, F., AuthorPinard, L., AuthorPinto, I. M., AuthorPiotrzkowski, B. J., AuthorPiotrzkowski, K., AuthorPirello, M., AuthorPitkin, M., AuthorPlacidi, E., AuthorPlastino, W., AuthorPluchar, C., AuthorPoggiani, R., AuthorPolini, E., AuthorPong, D. Y. T., AuthorPonrathnam, S., AuthorPopolizio, P., AuthorPorter, E. K., AuthorPowell, J., AuthorPracchia, M., AuthorPradier, T., AuthorPrajapati, A. K., AuthorPrasai, K., AuthorPrasanna, R., AuthorPratten, G., AuthorPrestegard, T., AuthorPrincipe, M., AuthorProdi, G. A., AuthorProkhorov, L., AuthorProsposito, P., AuthorPrudenzi, L.2, Author              Puecher, A., AuthorPunturo, M., AuthorPuosi, F., AuthorPuppo, P., AuthorPürrer, M.2, Author              Qi, H., AuthorQuetschke, V., AuthorQuinonez, P. J., AuthorQuitzow-James, R., AuthorRaab, F. J., AuthorRaaijmakers, G., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRadulesco, N., AuthorRaffai, P., AuthorRail, S. X., AuthorRaja, S., AuthorRajan, C., AuthorRamirez, K. E., AuthorRamirez, T. 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J., AuthorRoy, Santosh, AuthorRoy, Soumen, AuthorRozza, D., AuthorRuggi, P., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSachdev, S., AuthorSadecki, T., AuthorSadiq, J., AuthorSago, N., AuthorSaito, S., AuthorSaito, Y., AuthorSakai, K., AuthorSakai, Y., AuthorSakellariadou, M., AuthorSakuno, Y., AuthorSalafia, O. S., AuthorSalconi, L., AuthorSaleem, M., AuthorSalemi, F., AuthorSamajdar, A., AuthorSanchez, E. J., AuthorSanchez, J. H., AuthorSanchez, L. E., AuthorSanchis-Gual, N., AuthorSanders, J. R., AuthorSanuy, A., AuthorSaravanan, T. R., AuthorSarin, N., AuthorSassolas, B., AuthorSatari, H., AuthorSato, S., AuthorSato, T., AuthorSauter, O., AuthorSavage, R. L., AuthorSavant, V., AuthorSawada, T., AuthorSawant, D., AuthorSawant, H. L., AuthorSayah, S., AuthorSchaetzl, D., AuthorScheel, M., AuthorScheuer, J., AuthorSchindler-Tyka, A., AuthorSchmidt, P., AuthorSchnabel, R., AuthorSchneewind , M.3, AuthorSchofield, R. M. S., AuthorSchönbeck, A., AuthorSchulte, B.1, Author              Schutz, B. 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Tosta e, AuthorTöyrä, D., AuthorTrapananti, A., AuthorTravasso, F., AuthorTraylor, G., AuthorTringali, M. C., AuthorTripathee, A., AuthorTroiano, L., AuthorTrovato, A., AuthorTrozzo, L., AuthorTrudeau, R. J., AuthorTsai, D. S., AuthorTsai, D., AuthorTsang, K. W., AuthorTsang, T., AuthorTsao, J-S., AuthorTse, M., AuthorTso, R., AuthorTsubono, K., AuthorTsuchida, S., AuthorTsukada, L., AuthorTsuna, D., AuthorTsutsui, T., AuthorTsuzuki, T., AuthorTurconi, M., AuthorTuyenbayev, D., AuthorUbhi, A. S., AuthorUchikata, N., AuthorUchiyama, T., AuthorUdall, R. P., AuthorUeda, A., AuthorUehara, T., AuthorUeno, K., AuthorUeshima, G., AuthorUgolini, D., AuthorUnnikrishnan, C. S., AuthorUraguchi, F., AuthorUrban, A. L., AuthorUshiba, T., AuthorUsman, S. A., AuthorUtina, A. C., AuthorVahlbruch, H.1, Author              Vajente, G., AuthorVajpeyi, A., AuthorValdes, G., AuthorValentini, M., AuthorValsan, V., Authorvan Bakel, N., Authorvan Beuzekom, M., AuthorBrand, J. F. J. van den, AuthorBroeck, C. Van Den, AuthorVan Remortel, N., AuthorVander-Hyde, D. C., Authorvan der Schaaf, L., Authorvan Heijningen, J. V., Authorvan Putten, M. H. P. M., AuthorVardaro, M., AuthorVargas, A. F., AuthorVarma, V., AuthorVasúth, M., AuthorVecchio, A., AuthorVedovato, G., AuthorVeitch, J., AuthorVeitch, P. J., AuthorVenkateswara, K., AuthorVenneberg, J.1, Author              Venugopalan, G., AuthorVerkindt, D., AuthorVerma, Y., AuthorVeske, D., AuthorVetrano, F., AuthorViceré, A., AuthorViets, A. D., AuthorVilla-Ortega, V., AuthorVinet, J. -Y., AuthorVitale, S., AuthorVo, T., AuthorVocca, H., Authorvon Reis, E. R. G., AuthorWrangel, J. v.1, Author              Vorvick, C., AuthorVyatchanin, S. P., AuthorWade, L. E., AuthorWade, M., AuthorWagner, K. J., AuthorWalet, R. C., AuthorWalker, M., AuthorWallace, G. S., AuthorWallace, L., AuthorWalsh, S., AuthorWang, J., AuthorWang, J. Z., AuthorWang, W. H., AuthorWard, R. L., AuthorWarner, J., AuthorWas, M., AuthorWashimi, T., AuthorWashington, N. 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W., AuthorYang, L., AuthorYang, Yang, AuthorYang, Yi, AuthorYang, Z., AuthorYap, M. J., AuthorYeeles, D. W., AuthorYelikar, A. B., AuthorYing, M., AuthorYokogawa, K., AuthorYokoyama, J., AuthorYokozawa, T., AuthorYoon, A., AuthorYoshioka, T., AuthorYu, Hang, AuthorYu, Haocun, AuthorYuzurihara, H., AuthorZadrożny, A., AuthorZanolin, M., AuthorZeidler, S., AuthorZelenova, T., AuthorZendri, J. -P., AuthorZevin, M., AuthorZhan, M., AuthorZhang, H., AuthorZhang, J., AuthorZhang, L., AuthorZhang, R., AuthorZhang, T., AuthorZhao, C., AuthorZhao, G., AuthorZhao, Yue, AuthorZhao, Yuhang, AuthorZhou, Z., AuthorZhu, X. J., AuthorZhu, Z. -H., AuthorZucker, M. E., AuthorZweizig, J., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24010              
2Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1933290              
3AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, ou_24009              
4Binary Merger Observations and Numerical Relativity, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_2461691              
5Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24013              
6AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, ou_24008              

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Free keywords: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc,Astrophysics, Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics, astro-ph.CO
 Abstract: We report results of a search for an isotropic gravitational-wave background (GWB) using data from Advanced LIGO's and Advanced Virgo's third observing run (O3) combined with upper limits from the earlier O1 and O2 runs. Unlike in previous observing runs in the advanced detector era, we include Virgo in the search for the GWB. The results are consistent with uncorrelated noise, and therefore we place upper limits on the strength of the GWB. We find that the dimensionless energy density $\Omega_{\rm GW}\leq 5.8\times 10^{-9}$ at the 95% credible level for a flat (frequency-independent) GWB, using a prior which is uniform in the log of the strength of the GWB, with 99% of the sensitivity coming from the band 20-76.6 Hz; $\leq 3.4 \times 10^{-9}$ at 25 Hz for a power-law GWB with a spectral index of 2/3 (consistent with expectations for compact binary coalescences), in the band 20-90.6 Hz; and $\leq 3.9 \times 10^{-10}$ at 25 Hz for a spectral index of 3, in the band 20-291.6 Hz. These upper limits improve over our previous results by a factor of 6.0 for a flat GWB. We also search for a GWB arising from scalar and vector modes, which are predicted by alternative theories of gravity; we place upper limits on the strength of GWBs with these polarizations. We demonstrate that there is no evidence of correlated noise of magnetic origin by performing a Bayesian analysis that allows for the presence of both a GWB and an effective magnetic background arising from geophysical Schumann resonances. We compare our upper limits to a fiducial model for the GWB from the merger of compact binaries. Finally, we combine our results with observations of individual mergers andshow that, at design sensitivity, this joint approach may yield stronger constraints on the merger rate of binary black holes at $z \lesssim 2$ than can be achieved with individually resolved mergers alone. [abridged]

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 Dates: 2021-01-282021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 25 pages, 7 figures, Abstract abridged for arxiv submission
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 2101.12130
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.104.022004
 Degree: -

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Title: Physical Review D
  Other : Phys. Rev. D.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lancaster, Pa. : American Physical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 104 (2) Sequence Number: 022004 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0556-2821
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111088197762258