English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Luftverschmutzung und Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen: Air pollution and cardiovascular diseases

Münzel, T., Hahad, O., Daiber, A., & Lelieveld, J. (2021). Luftverschmutzung und Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen: Air pollution and cardiovascular diseases. Herz, 46. doi:10.1007/s00059-020-05016-9.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Münzel, Thomas1, Author
Hahad, Omar1, Author
Daiber, Andreas1, Author
Lelieveld, Jos2, Author              
Affiliations:
1external, ou_persistent22              
2Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826285              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Air pollution in the environment and in households is responsible worldwide for almost 9 million preventable premature deaths per year and almost 800,000 such deaths within Europe. Air pollution therefore shortens life expectancy worldwide by almost 3 years. Smoking, a proven cardiovascular risk factor, shortens the mean life expectancy by 2.2 years. Epidemiological studies have shown that air pollution from fine and coarse particulate matter is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Responsible for this are mainly cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, stroke, hypertension and also diabetes, which are mainly caused or aggravated by fine particulate matter. After inhalation fine particulate matter can reach the brain directly and also reach the bloodstream via a transition process. There, the particles are absorbed by the blood vessels where they stimulate the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the vascular wall. They therefore promote the formation of atherosclerotic changes and in this way increase the cardiovascular risks, especially an increase in chronic ischemic heart disease and stroke. Recent studies also reported that in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients a high degree of air pollution is correlated with severe disease courses with cardiovascular complications and pulmonary diseases. This necessitates preventive measures, such as lowering of the upper limits for air pollutants. Individual measures to mitigate the health consequences of fine particulate matter are also discussed.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): deu - German
 Dates: 2021-01-18
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Herz
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: München : Urban & Schwarzenberg.
Pages: 9 Volume / Issue: 46 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0340-9937
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925519629