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  Southern Ocean upwelling, Earth's obliquity, and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 change

Ai, X. E., Studer, A. S., Sigman, D. M., Martinez-Garcia, A., Fripiat, F., Thole, L. M., et al. (2020). Southern Ocean upwelling, Earth's obliquity, and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 change. Science, 370(6522), 1348-1352. doi:10.1126/science.abd2115.

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 Creators:
Ai, Xuyuan E.1, Author
Studer, Anja S.1, Author
Sigman, Daniel M.1, Author
Martinez-Garcia, Alfredo2, Author              
Fripiat, Francois1, Author
Thole, Lena M.1, Author
Michel, Elisabeth1, Author
Gottschalk, Julia1, Author
Arnold, Laura1, Author
Moretti, Simone2, Author              
Schmitt, Mareike2, Author              
Oleynik, Sergey1, Author
Jaccard, Samuel L.1, Author
Haug, Gerald H.2, Author              
Affiliations:
1external, ou_persistent22              
2Climate Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_2237635              

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 Abstract: Previous studies have suggested that during the late Pleistocene ice ages, surface-deep exchange was somehow weakened in the Southern Ocean’s Antarctic Zone, which reduced the leakage of deeply sequestered carbon dioxide and thus contributed to the lower atmospheric carbon dioxide levels of the ice ages. Here, high-resolution diatom-bound nitrogen isotope measurements from the Indian sector of the Antarctic Zone reveal three modes of change in Southern Westerly Wind–driven upwelling, each affecting atmospheric carbon dioxide. Two modes, related to global climate and the bipolar seesaw, have been proposed previously. The third mode—which arises from the meridional temperature gradient as affected by Earth’s obliquity (axial tilt)—can explain the lag of atmospheric carbon dioxide behind climate during glacial inception and deglaciation. This obliquity-induced lag, in turn, makes carbon dioxide a delayed climate amplifier in the late Pleistocene glacial cycles.

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 Dates: 2020-12-112020
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: ISI: 000597271300048
DOI: 10.1126/science.abd2115
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Title: Science
  Abbreviation : Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 370 (6522) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1348 - 1352 Identifier: ISSN: 0036-8075
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042748276600_1