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  Dominance style predicts differences in food retrieval strategies

Gomez-Melara, J. L., Acosta-Naranjo, R., Castellano-Navarro, A., Beltrán Francés, V., Caicoya, A. L., MacIntosh, A. J. J., et al. (2021). Dominance style predicts differences in food retrieval strategies. Scientific Reports, 11: 2726, pp. 1-9. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-82198-0.

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Gomez-Melara_Dominance_SciRep_2021.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
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© Te Author(s) 2021 This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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Gomez-Melara, Jose Luis, Author
Acosta-Naranjo, Rufino, Author
Castellano-Navarro, Alba, Author
Beltrán Francés, Victor, Author
Caicoya, Alvaro Lopez, Author
MacIntosh, Andrew J. J., Author
Maulany, Risma Illa, Author
Ngakan, Putu Oka, Author
Amici, Federica1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group Primate Behavioural Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3166785              
2Department of Human Behavior Ecology and Culture, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_2173689              

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 Abstract: In several species, rank predicts access to food, and subordinates may need specific behavioural strategies to get a share of resources. This may be especially important in despotic species, where resources are strongly biased in favour of dominants and subordinates may more strongly rely on specific tactics to maximize food intake. Here, we compared three macaque species with an experimental set-up reproducing feeding competition contest. Following our predictions, more tolerant species mostly retrieved food in the presence of others and were less dependent on specific tactics. Contrarily, subordinates in more despotic species more likely collected food (1) when dominants could not see food or (2) were attacking others, (3) while “dissimulating”, or (4) “storing food”. Our study reveals that dominance styles reliably predict the probability of using specific food retrieval tactics and provides important insights on the social conditions that might have led to the emergence of tactical deception.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-02-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-82198-0
Other: Gomez-Melara2021
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Title: Scientific Reports
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Nature
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 Sequence Number: 2726 Start / End Page: 1 - 9 Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322