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  Nubian Levallois technology associated with southernmost Neanderthals

Blinkhorn, J., Zanolli, C., Compton, T., Groucutt, H. S., Scerri, E. M. L., Crété, L., et al. (2021). Nubian Levallois technology associated with southernmost Neanderthals. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 2869, pp. 1-13. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-82257-6.

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docx. - (last seen: Feb. 2021)

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 Creators:
Blinkhorn, James1, 2, Author              
Zanolli, Clément, Author
Compton, Tim, Author
Groucutt, Huw S.1, 3, Author              
Scerri, Eleanor M. L.1, 2, Author              
Crété, Lucile, Author
Stringer, Chris, Author
Petraglia, Michael D.1, Author              
Blockley, Simon, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Lise Meitner Pan-African Evolution Research Group, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3033582              
3Max Planck Research Group Extreme Events, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_3262629              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Biological anthropology
 Abstract: Neanderthals occurred widely across north Eurasian landscapes, but between ~ 70 and 50 thousand years ago (ka) they expanded southwards into the Levant, which had previously been inhabited by Homo sapiens. Palaeoanthropological research in the first half of the twentieth century demonstrated alternate occupations of the Levant by Neanderthal and Homo sapiens populations, yet key early findings have largely been overlooked in later studies. Here, we present the results of new examinations of both the fossil and archaeological collections from Shukbah Cave, located in the Palestinian West Bank, presenting new quantitative analyses of a hominin lower first molar and associated stone tool assemblage. The hominin tooth shows clear Neanderthal affinities, making it the southernmost known fossil specimen of this population/species. The associated Middle Palaeolithic stone tool assemblage is dominated by Levallois reduction methods, including the presence of Nubian Levallois points and cores. This is the first direct association between Neanderthals and Nubian Levallois technology, demonstrating that this stone tool technology should not be considered an exclusive marker of Homo sapiens.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-02-15
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Results
- Non‑metric traits of the EM 3869 specimen.
- Crown dimensions of EM 3869.
- Enamel‑dentine junction (EDJ) shape of EM 3869.
- Root proportions and taurodontism in EM 3869.
- The stone tool assemblage.
Discussion
Methods
- NHMUK PA EM 3869
- External morphology.
- X‑ray microtomography.
- Data processing
- 3D lateral crown tissue proportions.
- Geometric morphometric analyses.
- Volumetric bifurcation index (VBI) of the roots.
- Lithic analyses.
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-82257-6
Other: shh2855
 Degree: -

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (1) Sequence Number: 2869 Start / End Page: 1 - 13 Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322