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  Phase Equilibria and Thermoelectric Properties in the Pb-Ga-Te System in the Vicinity of the PbGa6Te10Phase

Cherniushok, O., Cardoso-Gil, R., Parashchuk, T., Grin, Y., & Wojciechowski, K. T. (2021). Phase Equilibria and Thermoelectric Properties in the Pb-Ga-Te System in the Vicinity of the PbGa6Te10Phase. Inorganic Chemistry, 60(4), 2771-2782. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c03549.

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Cherniushok, Oleksandr1, Author
Cardoso-Gil, Raul2, Author              
Parashchuk, Taras1, Author
Grin, Yuri3, Author              
Wojciechowski, Krzysztof T.1, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Raul Cardoso, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society, ou_1863420              
3Juri Grin, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society, ou_1863413              

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 Abstract: PbGa6Te10 is a promising thermoelectric (TE) material due to its ultralow thermal conductivity and moderated values of the Seebeck coefficient. However, the reproducible synthesis of the PbGa6Te10-based materials for the investigation and tailoring of physical properties requires detailed knowledge of the phase diagram of the system. With this aim, a combined thermal, structural, and microstructural study of the Pb-Ga-Te ternary system near the PbGa6Te10 composition is presented here, in which polycrystalline samples with the compositions (PbTe)1-x(Ga2Te3)x (0.67 ≤ x ≤ 0.87) and PbyGa6Te10 (0.85 ≤ y ≤ 1.5) were synthesized and characterized. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements revealed that PbGa6Te10 melts incongruently at 1007 ± 2 K and has a polymorphic phase transition at 658-693 K depending on composition. Powder X-ray diffraction of annealed samples confirmed that below 658 K, the trigonal modification of PbGa6Te10 exists (space groups P3121 or P3221) and above 693 K, the rhombohedral one (space group R32). A homogeneity range was found for PbyGa6Te10, y = 0.9-1.1, based on refined lattice parameters of PbyGa6Te10 in samples annealed at 873 K. The revised version of the PbTe-Ga2Te3 phase diagram in the vicinity of the PbGa6Te10 phase is proposed. Based on the new results of the phase equilibria, the TE properties of the PbyGa6Te10 samples were studied in detail. The deviation from the stoichiometric composition leads to a tuning of the charge transport in PbyGa6Te10, and as a result, the Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity were significantly modified over the homogeneity range. The Pb-deficient Pb0.9Ga6Te10 sample shows an improved power factor up to 9.5 μW m-1 K-2 and a reduced thermal conductivity as low as 0.17 W m-1 K-1 due to attuned chemical potential and additional scattering of phonons on point defects. Thus, the ZT parameter for this composition was improved up to ∼0.043 at 773 K, which is almost 4 times higher than that of the stoichiometric specimen. This work shows that the knowledge of phase equilibria and crystal chemistry plays a key role in improving the energy conversion efficiency for new functional TE materials. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2021-02-022021-02-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c03549
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Title: Inorganic Chemistry
  Abbreviation : Inorg. Chem.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 60 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2771 - 2782 Identifier: ISSN: 0020-1669
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0020-1669